– Anyone knows why we are using this diode and what it uses
1). Normal Diode allows current to flow in forwarding bias.
2). Zenner Diode allows current to flow in reverse bias only.

-Two phases show negative values but one phase shows positive values, how?
– Depend on load, may you try to tracing 3 line diagram until load (wiring internal of load equipment). Depend on load, may you try to trace 3 line diagram until load (wiring internal of load equipment)
– If the vts at 3phases exposed to fault what is the overcurrent protection behavior on this circuit? If all the electrical protections failed at the substation and just the physical protection operate what is the problem with this substation?

1), how we can detect CT saturation in the case of Low Impedance Relays?
2). Why is it essential to detect CT saturation only in case of low impedance Relays?
– I need a proper to the point response (no white paper/presentation please) for my proper understanding of this CT saturation detection technique.

– Can anyone tell me about the 400kV Busbar protection type?
https://electrical-engineering-portal.com/busbar-protection-schemes

– What is the main Function of the CSD relay?
– Controlled switching device (either implemented using a point on wave device or pre-insertion resistors in circuit breakers) helps achieve switching at either voltage zero or current zero (depending on the equipment to be switched) for instance a capacitor bank you would switch at voltage zero whereas for an inductor you would switch at current zero. CSD is typically applied in long transmission lines, filter banks, or converter transformers. By using CSD in the above cases it helps to prevent switching overvoltages or high inrush currents in the transformers.
– Can I use it for Breaker controlling?
– Basically, that’s what it does it controls the breaker to close or open at a certain point on the current or voltage waveform.


– What is the main purpose of reactors in the Power grid?
– Used for Reactive power compensation and to reduce Ferrantic effect, Reduce THD. also means Total harmonic distortion. Maintains Stable voltage profile by reducing Ferranti effect

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– What is the purpose of node VT Inside GIS, It’s 500kV?
– In 400kV or above voltage in line bay PT is also used. So this node PT is considered as line PT

– Maybe he’s asking what is the function of Node VT in SLD installed.
– I believe this PT is used for high metering and protection purposes at 500kV. Yes function of node VT in 500 kV GIS. Protection and metering at line side income. please see also of another VT in here At each bay Line and ATR or is considering for differential protection?
– try to find the secondary wire
– I think this is right: Synch + OV Protection in EHV system As a voltage Synchron check

– How to calculate 1ph & 3ph pickup for T60 relay
– Better refer to T60 Manual. The formula was given to calculate 1ph and 3 ph pickup. Check GE website


– What is the difference between Earthing transformer and NGR?
– Earthing transformer is used to provide grounding to the ungrounded electrical system or delta-connected system.
Whereas NGR is a grounding system, which is used to limit Earth fault current at a certain value.
– Where it is used widely?
– It is used for Generators, motors. This means wherever rotating machines are there we can use NGR to limit the earth fault current for preventing stator core to get damage.
– NGR is a neutral grounding reactor. It is used to cancel the capacitive current during fault. It’s effective in single-phase fault when a fault occurs on one phase and capacitive current flows from normal phases. NRG causes reactive to neutralize the capacitive Current from healthy phases.

– Can anyone let me know how to monitor the I/O IN CFC online mode the actual values in CFC?
– Siemens relay
– which logic do you want to monitor?
– Any logic I want to monitor the actual IO values
– Same as in MICOM
– want to see the values in SIEMENS CFC logic
– Watch ON in Siemens software is not activated
– Resistor and reactor both different components, the reactor is basically used on long TX lines where single-phase tripping is allowed.
– For controlling fault current of very low magnitude, a resistor should be chosen. However, where you need to limit the fault current of the magnitude of thousands of amps, you must choose a quality power reactor.
– NGR is never a Neutral Grounding Reactor.
It is always a Neutral Grounding Resistor (NGR). NGR is installed to a) limit the earth fault current below the full load current of transformer/ Generator to protect its lamination
b). This earth fault current must be greater than the capacitive current in the system (generated through the Bus-ducts, cables ) so that Arcing fault doesn’t take place across the NGR.
– Resistance and Reactor are resistors.

– In my company having a 14.24MW generator. Generator rotor resistance is changing continuously from 20 to 60 Kohm. What would be the reason behind it?
– Because of this rotor earth fault stage 1 operated because the setting is about 25kohm
– We also measure the current in earthing cable which is connected to the rotor shaft with slipring
– Temperature also changing?
– Not measured
– Resistance related to isolation, isolation related to temperature


– I want to know how to configure AR Block in P841. I have assigned one output contact and it is continuously high.
– If you are assigning AR block output contact with AR block DDB then it will remain high as long as the AR func is enabled, Use your conditions in the OR gate for AR block output contact. Not the DDB
– The output is continuously high either the function is off or on!
– Yep I remember. It will remain high. As its, the DDB used for other purposes during AR function
– Use your blocking conditions in OR gate for Output contact, not this DDB
– Anyone can share the procedure of the bump test motor.

– In a one and a half breaker scheme, the current magnitude from Q1 CB is different from Q3 CB, Can anyone explain this reason? The line is terminating between Q1 and Q3 CB. Also, there is a neutral current of 40A flowing from these CBS
– alarm is on both governors
– You may be done to check Fuel Management of that Turbine
– That looks like using PID & Close loop control system
A governor is a system that is used to maintain the mean speed of an engine, within certain limits, under fluctuating load conditions. It does this by regulating and controlling the amount of fuel supplied to the engine. The governor hence limits the speed of the engine when it is running at the no-load condition, i.e it governs the idle speed, and ensures that the engine speed does not exceed the maximum value as specified by the manufacturers.

– All marine vessels need a speed control system to control and govern the speed of the propulsion plant being used onboard, as there can be a large number of variations that arise on engine load, which may damage the engine and cause loss of life and equipment. The variations in the load on the engine may arise due to several factors such as rough seas, rolling and pitching of the vessel, compromised ship structure, changes in weight of the ship among others. what could be the reason for fuel management?
– And usually for power generation (coupling to generator) also considering the internal turbine/engine/generator/auxiliary condition. All speed control systems
almost using logic gate Proportional Integral Derivative.
– Safety and performance reasons.
– An increase in the load decreases engine speed. In this case, the flyweights move inwards, and that the governor spindle moves downward under the action of the force of the speeder spring. This movement lowers the pilot control valve which directs oil to the underside of the power piston.
As the hydraulic pressure on the piston overcomes the spring force acting on it, the piston moves upward and fuel supply to the system engine is increased. hence increasing its speed. Once the RPM of the engine increases, the control valve rises back to its initial position that blocks the
delivery of hydraulic fluid to the power piston.
On the other hand, as the load on the engine is decreased and its speed increases, the outward movement of the flyweights under the action of the additional centrifugal force causes subsequent upward movement of the spindle and hence the pilot control valve rises as well. This opens the port such that the hydraulic oil in the system flows to the oil sump from under the power piston through a drainage passage. The power piston then moves downwards under the action of the spring force and reduced hydraulic pressure and hence reduces the amount of fuel supplied to the engine is decreased. This reduces the engine speed and consequently, the forces on the flyweights are balanced once again. When operating generator synchronized, speed control merged with load sharing control system.
-Internal and external parameters are being calculation to the desire of speed of the engine/turbine.
– An Electronic governor provides engine speed adjustment from no-load condition to full load. It consists of a Controller, an Electro-Magnetic Pickup (MPU), and an actuator (ACT) to carry out the necessary speed control and regulation. The MPU is a micro-generator and has a magnetic field. It consists of a permanent magnet with an external coil winding. As shown in the diagram, the MPU is installed above the flywheel teeth, and depending upon its distance from the gear teeth or slot, the magnetic field of the MPU varies from a maximum to minimum respectively.
Due to the constantly changing internal magnetic field, an AC voltage and frequency are generated in the outer conducting coil. This AC voltage follows the speed of the flywheel. This is the most important aspect of the electronic control system as the governor controller converts the obtained frequency into a DC voltage signal. It then compares this with a set voltage. The results are calculated by a PID control (Proportional-integral-differential) and finally, the output reaches the actuator which implements the required corrections on the fuel supply to the engine.

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– we have 2 generators running in parallel. Parallel operating should be using load-sharing control mode or speed droop control mode to desire speed control of the engine.
– Yes
– Anyway, What are the model of both turbines?
– You will see at the logic control real-time/configuration software. That mentions dead band value. Then that will answer your question.
– have you manual of this 505 governor?
– Almost all types of governors are fitted with a flyweight assembly. Two or Four flyweights are mounted on a rotating ball head that is driven directly by the engine shaft, using a gear drive assembly. The rotation of the ball heads creates a centrifugal force that acts on the flyweights of the assembly and causes them to move outward, away from their axis of rotation. As the speed of rotation is increased and the degree of outward movement of the flyweights also increases, and vice versa, and hence the movement of the flyweights depends on the engine speed.
A spring is installed to counteracts the centrifugal force generated on the flyweights and force them towards their initial position. This spring is known as the speeder spring. The position of the flyweights and their outward movement is transmitted to a spindle (this may be done through a collar), which is free to move in a reciprocating fashion. The movement of this spindle, which forms the control sleeve, actuates a linkage to the fuel pump control and ultimately controls the amount of fuel injected.
– Under normal operational circumstances, i.e. constant speed and loads, the control sleeve remains stationary as the force on the flyweights is balanced by the counteracting force exerted by the speeder spring.
As the load on the engine is increased, the speed of the engine reduces and the control sleeve moves downward, as the force exerted on it by the speeder spring overcomes the force exerted by the flyweights.
The downward movement of the sleeve is linked to the fuel control racks such that there is an increase the fuel delivery and thus the power generated by the engine. The force on the flyweights increases with the engine RPM and once again the system comes back to equilibrium.
As the load on the engine is decreased, its speed increases. The flyweights move outward and in turn, the control sleeve moves up as the centrifugal force overcomes the speeder spring force. The movement of the sleeve actuates the fuel pump, fuel delivery is lowered, thus the speed of the engine is reduced and the system comes into equilibrium.

– I’m exporting the icd file for GE’s L90 but the IED name seems to be exported as a template. Does anyone know the reason?
– These are the server configurations with the IED name.
– What are the Commissioning procedures of HV/EHV equipment and different types of tests required before and After Energising the new lines/feeders, Transformers/Reactors?
-I need help to analyze this Disturbance Fault Record whether it is due to Lighting or Flash
– It was fault on Line Diff and Reclose on Phase R

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– how to know the wave of the current and voltage whether it was short on an insulator or due to the lightning strike?
– SF6 is good? Contact Resistance of CB checked during commissioning?
– I think CB operates at the right time.
– I think is not about a simultaneous issue, but probably a contact point issue. This a disturbance record from a relay right?
– How can you say it is a lightning strike?
– We check it by climbing on the tower located from the Fault Locator relay.
– What is the full form STUB?
– Stub is the noun itself. No full form
– When the isolator is open, keeping CBS closed in one and a half, this whole arrangement is known as stub bus. Stub is in one and a half breaker scheme

– Micom p841 auto recloser does not save disturbance record. Can anyone state what could be the reason?
– You tried to extract from disturbance records Or Check whether the fault trigger is triggered by all BI & BO?
– When I try to extract from the relay, it shows no disturbance record found
– That means, please check your PSL file
– Nothing triggered
– Change duration, trigger position. Input 1 trigger, change to L/H
– I have the p443 relay installed and its DR is working fine and configured as shown below. Likewise, change all digital inputs as per your requirement, Then check your PSL file.
– Both P441 and P841 PSL, how fault trigger input assigned?

– Relay is switching off when connecting with the SELC662 cable. Any idea on this issue?
– The main reason that can cause switching off of an IED upon touching it is normally related to the power supply card. Can you check if there is not loose contact with the power supply?
– Rear connection is fine

– How to reset lockout alarm in auto recloser relay using FnKey?
– LEDs get reset through FnKey configuration but not lockout. I have to insert a password for resetting it.
– Check your binary inputs. Whether all tripping and lockout relays are reset
– It gets resettled after the password but I want to bypass the password and reset the lockout through the push button or FnKey
– Assign a binary input (either FNkey or PB) to relay. According to connect in PSL. Could you please check Lockout reset instead of Rst CB1 lockout and Rst CB2 lockout?
– You can try to clear through supervision or From view records, reset indication .this will clear everything

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– As we know grid substations always have future scopes. If a very narrow margin of safety factor is given due to documentary error, how can we negotiate with them? We need standard
– I don’t think any standards are available about margin factor to be considered



– What is biased current in differential prot?
– I bias =( I1+I2) /2 or load current. I1 for HV and I2 for LV As per Micom p643 For Transformer diff protection
– It is available also for line and bus bar protection

– How to export settings in pdf Easergy studio?
– Open every carpet and select all that You need ( ctrl +clic) and after go to printer And click print as PDF

I just want to send a goose signal which block I should use for any user-defined signal in pcm600 2.10. What do u mean by block?
– Simply add the signal with OR gate in the input of Goose block
– Which block is used for goose send?
– You can use all these depending on your input type
– Is your input is the double point?
– The goose block in the Tx relay should be the same in the Rx relay for the 670 series
-Single point single
– I have 615 series

– In 30 kV switchgear if I put the incoming circuit breaker open and in service position I read voltage (700 V) in the relay. Is it new or it has been existing? Just to know whether this has just come up all of a sudden?
– I’m thinking that you may check the ratio set in a relay or if VTs are located on the cable side check whether no back feed, otherwise check whether there is a CB pole that is not opening wholly.
– It is a new MV switchgear and after tests, we tried to put it in service but when we put the incoming CB in test position we read voltage in the protection despite the CB is open.
– VT is located before the Breaker towards the incoming Cable, then check Relay power Data & compare it with SLD CT/VT data.
– There is not VT in the cable the VT is in the bus bare

– In measured is the earth fault current measured by the earth fault current coil of the relay? In derived is the earth fault current derived in relay by summation of Irph+ Iyph+Ibph currents?
– Sensitive protection will be used if the desired protection settings are very low for earth fault eg 0.001 x In.especially where the system is NGR earthed
– Vn derived is open delta voltage derived by relay during summation of Vr+Vy+Vb voltage. this is done when the 4th coil is not available in the relay. the summation is the vector summation
– This is a Neutral Displacement Relay.
– Yes, CBCT is used as sensitive protection (while earth fault current is very low).
– This is the Rated Operating Sequence (Duty Cycle) of the circuit breaker. This denotes the sequence of opening and closing operations which the circuit breaker can perform under specified conditions. The operating sequence as follows: O-t-CO-T-CO
– since CB is already charged it will take t= 0.3 s to close but next reclose order CB has to recharge its operating mechanism and it will take T= 3 min to recharge its spring or hydraulic system and then able to reclose. And 0.3 s is required for Arc Quenching medium such as oil, SF6, etc to regain its properties after tripping of the CB.
– What is the consideration to choose the reclaim time for CB reclosure by 3 min?
– Maybe Mechanical charging movement to avoid failure in the system when fail to reclose at 1st order. While 3 minutes is enough to decide what you have to do.
– In the case of 220kv Substation, when both lines are charged, then why bus coupler is closed?
– Ring Bus System (Loop). Is more dependable?
– Voltage collision may happen when the bus coupler is closed. You have to use Synchron check relay to close the bus couple breaker during both of buses is energizing
– By the use of only a syn check relay, the problem will be solved.
-What is the problem?
– Sequence, interlock, protection, synchronizer.
– yes I agree. It concerns mechanical charging i.e spring charge and also its insulation media, But isn’t 3 min is too long?


– I am trying to trace a fault on the Transformer that trips on differential protection. I conducted an IR test, it shows okay. I need advice
– Check the CT. CT Polarity & CT ratio should be the same. Please check the CT connection.
– No, sometimes when a problem at 1st order, you need to check all anatomy and the condition while that’s 3 min.


– As a thumb rule -Alternatively, the set differential relay shall have an offset of 20 per event of transformer full load current. This is just a thumb rule. U need to use ur judgment
– As the Last option, can u please carry out a stability check for through fault current condition?
– These are the three options available to verify differential relays. The most event is CT has saturated.
– Yes, one CT gets saturated due to through fault current in low impedance differential relays.
– Are u commissioning a new transformer (first charging), or is it a transformer that is already in service?
– It ready for service
– there is induction near the primary CT but, we are trying to isolate the area
– I have found the cause of tripping. It’s LV side VT
– What Vt is causing to trip?
– There is a breakdown of insulation between the HV side of the VT to ground

– What is the process of relay setting
– At first, you have to download the manual instruction. Then read it. And then you do copy the section of the setting & configure it in your own format of Work Instruction.
After that done, you will get the answer.
– We carry out an Insulation resistance test on each terminal equipment and finally found that the IR of VT is >10 kilo-ohms. We try to restore the Transformer but it is still tripping on differential protection after 3seconds
– It’s 7.5 MVA 132/33kV Transformer, CTR: pri = 100/1A sec=100/1A
– VT has primary terminal A-N. try to remove N which is connected to the body of the VT, and try the IR test. Secondary terminal a-n. Remove n from the earth and perform the following IR test.

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After all, the connection is installed properly, comprehensive CT needs to check, and or inject current test for the relay.
And also Transformer Ratio check.
-3 seconds is a lot of probability, I guess it was suspected since knee CT/saturated or relay accurate has been out of spec. Except for cable connection.
– 3 seconds means 3000 mili-second. This is too much.



– We have a problem with our plant. the design is based on 30MW for each power gen steam turbine and 4MW from the grid all protection and study state. know we bring 30MW from grid and 15MW for each TG we face à lot of problem like blackout when grid disturbance. the restudy is requested? and I need your advice, please
– There is a problem with relay coordination. you need to get your relay settings reviewed.
– Is ur plant getting islanded for grid disturbances?
– Yes
– Speed control check also
– Load share I mean Or speed droop?
– If ur plant gets islanded and TG’s are detecting the islanding. then TG sets should survive. since u are importing 30MW from the grid. please check the balance load on TG after islanding also
– What is the voltage level When I Will be on-site I Will share it With u sld?
– 60kv
– Island mode means autonom Without external source 60 kv
– What is the EDG rating (MW rating) and the other source details which u intend to run in parallel while carrying out EDG testing. what is the short circuit rating of a 6.6KV bus? how much time u intend to run in parallel. as we understand EDG is generally used for a black start may not continuously be in the circuit.
– Putting a reactor will increase the problem as it will be difficult for voltage control. That reason makes it interesting.
– Nothing related between Busbar rating with short circuit except failure in insulation, its mean busbar failure
– Maybe reactor installation initiated during EDG Chosphi gone to capacitive area. That problem in load share control/speed droop.

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sample discussions


– while I connect sip 5 bcu like that error I got. how can I solve that
– Differential initial setting is 0.2*In?
– What is the meaning of it?

– Anybody has breaker dcrm result & procedure for testing breaker dcrm with megger TM1740 kit.
– I think the problem is your RAM
– maybe you can upgrade it to 8GB or 16GB.


– What is this problem?
– Install the device driver for 7sj80
– My breaker got tripped on differential Relay is not showing any current
-87BD In phase R, Y, B But no current
– W1 or W2
– It’s tap changing problem
– It is due to an imbalance of voltage
– Tap was not changed. In relay 5th harmonic and 2nd harmonic is blocked.
– Not showing any winding
– I just updated the firmware of my 7SA82 relay from 7.82 to 8.06, now the relay shows firmware 8.06 but CFG 7.82, when I go to the device information page of offline extracted settings, here upgrade option is missing at configuration version, please guide me how can I get upgrade option


here you can see, upgrade option is not there near CFG


this is what the manual shows, but in my case, this upgrade option is not there as you can see in the above picture.
– Did u import the communication firmware for this device?
– issue resolved, by following this “You can go to “Upgrade project device” in the project tree, and you will find for upgrade CFG”

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– Getting this error when installing digsi 4.94, plz help
– When I am taking megger for pt primary to secondary, then when taking b/w primary and 1a and primary getting 400 Mega ohms, and primary to 1n getting 1.9 Giga. Ohm, why is the difference?
– What is the applied test voltage?
– 5kV
– Remove secondary connections either connected 1a or 1n. Apply test voltage case1: primary to 1a
Case 2: primary to 1n. The values more or less should come the same. Sometimes it will show some difference due to testing machine (Megger) measurement and also ambient temperature(T)
– IN the 7SR relay where to find the Characteristic angle?
– Using reydisp evolution
– take pri. to earth at 5kv and seco. to earth at 500 v
– Anybody tested the GIPAM 10NZ relay? Where is direction selection for 67G SGR Protection In software?
– Check-in current protection folder
– +-45 by default

– any ziv zlv distance protection engineer urgent need, Unbalance settings are given 30%
– How to test and justify this 30%
– How to Test 100% Stator Earth fault protection?
– With 3rd Harmonic. It is the power setting. When u give the fault with power above 30%. Then only the relay will be active.
– Which relay Model?
– 7UM622
– Control cable length is 700mtr, then how to calculate voltage drop.

– if 220 kv or any kv panel which receiving end panel thus their relationship angle between v-i is 180 degrees apart.? is this right?

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– Vph to Vph selected. The setting is 121 V
– Then for secondary injection how to inject?
– How to test under excitation protection in Siemens relay 7UM?
– U have to first take the capability curve of the generator and then on under excitation side make 3 part one at 0deg angle, 90deg angle, and 120 deg angle
– For each angle, u will get a certain MW and Mvar which u can inject through ur secondary injection kit in terms of voltage and current?


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– Can anyone provide the DNP3 protocol standard?
– On the upper side of Relay Ready LED is Blinking. That’s why it’s not communicating by software, How to fix it
– which led?
-Ready LED
– relay faulty indiction is going on annunciation.
– No annunciation is coming on other. but I think the relay gets faulty.

– Is the relay restarting again and again? Because it blinks when in test mode
– Is it in test mode?
– Is it rebooting
– u can also check the error code in the relay
– Not rebooting
– HMI working properly
– When you read the data from relay through software what error it is showing?
– oh ABB show on the display
– this is an error inside
– Not communicating with software
– must repair
– What is the fault code relay is showing?
– Not showing any fault Or warning code, the Only ready LED is Blinking


– Now communicated with relay, But the Blinking problem is not fixed
– Go to main menu/monitoring/IED status/self-supervision, Check for the faulty hardware module. If it is a diagnostic failure then also it flashes
– Check IRF alarm contact status to find the reason, It is an internal fault maybe.
– Why is current in the R phase so much high on normal voltage
– Load on the R phase might be more as compared to other phases.
– Normal voltage is injected, And the normal current is injected.
– whats the ct ratio?
– 400/1
– check backup relay measurement
– how many the core in ct?
– But I am injecting to relay directly
– how secondary set Check ct wiring?
– Star point of relay Input Is correctly wired
– star point is only for protection
– R u injected or the line is the charge?
– Relay is separated from PT CT, I am injecting current from omicron.
– PT as well
– R u injecting balance current?
– 1 A
– Yes
– check ct ratio in the relay.
– CT ratio is OK in the relay when u injecting is there any current in IN?
– Yes same as the R phase.
– Check-in this, it was fluctuating
– inject only r phase backside of the relay terminal not on tb
– It’s 934 A is showing when I inject only in R phase
– led is blinking for this relay (REL670)


– Is circuit breaker contact resistance temperature-dependent
-Yes the hotter it has the higher the value. That’s why you would have seen that the current is injected for a very short duration. As not to elevate the temperature
– Does variations in input voltage affect breaker timing?
– Input supply varies from 110V to 170V. The ideal voltage is 110 V

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-: 132 kV breaker close time =77 ms
– At160V
– PT ki 110 v vary kr rhi h
– No pt
– Direct supply from AC source for testing
– ac supply for the kit, No for breaker control supply
– Usually, the higher volts may not affect the timing but will damage the insulation of the coil
– Is this value is acceptable
– ac supply use in break only for motor. Refer to the manual.
– Input ac supply for the kit is 260V For MV, I have less than 60ms for one while 40 ms for the other type. The source is giving 260 V
– So you have to compare with the values in manual
-Trip time is 46 ms, CO=39ms
– please check these angle diff. is correct or wrong?

– Can you tell me what is the name of this marked portion? And why it is connected there?
– It’s correct, inductive.
– When I charge the 132kv line, then I get the all secondary 3phase voltage at the panel TB from line CVT. But I trip the breaker, now the line remains back charge bcz of opposite end connected. In this case, I get only R, B phase voltage from the same line CVT. Y ph voltage is near to zero(i.e, y=7 v) How it is possible?
– line pt install
– May Y phase jumper opened in transmission line?
– please check from the remote end voltage
– It also perfectly correct. remote end all three voltage is perfect?
– tell me all three voltage
24abb , 18:32 -abb pcm600: R=63.8
Y=63.03
B=63.35
– Now it is charged at both ends. When I cut our end breaker, then I get only 2 ph voltage
– r u seeing in the panel?

– No seeing at pt MB
– cut the break from remote end charge from our end then check
– same problem
– I get all 3 ph voltage
– It is clear
– CVT after breaker or before when charging from both ends then what about the load
– all three loads are balance
– Does the problem solved now? Check the wiring of pt at tb
– Is it loose
– It is perfectly connected
– What about pt secondary phase to phase voltage?
– 110 if it is charged at both ends
– What about all other phases?
– All three-phase to phase voltage is 110 if the line is charged at both ends.
– If I cut my end breaker then I get 2 phase voltage only
– I am not getting Yph voltage

– Does the LA inline side shows leakage current?
– If our side is charged and the other side breaker is off in this case I get all three-phase voltage
– Yes check for leakage current in LA.


– Does DNP communicate over RS 485?
– Yes, if supported by the relay manufacturer.

– Correct, RS485 RS232 RS422etc is just a standard for serial communication
– DNP is a protocol that can be communicated over RS232 or RS485 serial port. DNP can definitely be daisy-chained, just use a terminating resistor
– The motor got tripped on 51n but all three-phase currents are equal, the protection on the calculated value of three-phase currents internally by the relay. the relay was 7sj66. What are the causes?
– IR value of the motor is good

– Anyone can explain the difference between DNP and Rs 485
– RS 485 is port, DNP is protocol, DNP is a protocol
– Used in the process automation system
– Anyone can explain how to collect ABT meter load survey data through RS 485 port?
– Ok thanks, so the DNP3 outstation address will act like node ID?

– How many relays can we drop on an RS485 using DNP3?
– I mean DNP3 slave address ranges up to 65535
– The maximum IEDs that were successfully daisy-chained was 255, however, I won’t use anything close to that.
– Read through the RS485 standard, all is specified, this is not my area is expertise, but I’ve seen them work over 200m, use a 9600bd 2 wire comms, With 2 pair, 0.5 twisted shielded pair, proper earthing of spare wires and shield, I used till1400 meter closed loop
– anyone uses kocos Artes 440 three-phase secondary innection set.

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– Please share a detailed explanation of under excitation Protection
– Please tell me about the LBB scheme in 220kV
– Local Breaker protection scheme basically depends on the type of busbar scheme you applied for.
– What is the type of bus bar scheme used in your 220kV station
– It is a trip matrix for designing protection schemes
– For which type of unit? Is it for generator
– Class A is for Turbine trip class B is for the GCB trip
– Whenever Turbine tripping occurs, GCB trips consequently.
– No correlation with a generator in this case. It is for a transformer. The above transformer is a GT.
-Though it is a GT, protection group A and Group B is for transformer breaker itself. Hv side and LV side (GCB), 86.1 & 86.2
– GT doesn’t have HV side CB. 86 means Master tripping. I’m saying for transformer
– Here in the trip matrix, Group A & B are categorized for master trips only.
– You mean, GT doesn’t have hv side CB
– Sorry LV side doesn’t have CB I meant to say. if it is 11/33kV GT. CB will be at the 33kV side in small power plants.
– It is a transformer
– I want a wrt generator For the 7UM relay.
– Low impedance busbar having main and check zone For busbar trip. how this is working?
– I understood the scheme is a double busbar with a transfer bus scheme.
– The main and check zone concept is different from LBB. We use a zone system in busbar differential. Whereas, LBB operates when the corresponding breaker fails to trip under feeder fault/bay fault condition. LBB will extend to the trip concerned busbar of that breaker(two main and transfer scheme) and other ends of the line (i.e., opposite end station).
– You will be more clear with protection schemes, showing LBB operated page.


– float dc ammeter show which current In the battery charger?
– From DIGSI 5 can we communicate Siprotec 4 relay?
– No, But you can install them on single pc

– anyone has drawn for this 11 kv panel siemens?
– I am having two MFM in different panels both having the same voltage and current but KWH is different. Is this possible?
– Check CTR in both
-Checked it is correct, Current may be the same now but it might be different in different timings, so results in different KWh ratings.
– Load in two feeders could not need to be the same all the time. Eventually, results in different kwh ratings.
– One is incomer and one is outgoer. Only- one feeder connected in that bus?
– No. Then how both currents ratings were same
– it is a plant of 30mw where incomer is trf and connected to og line
– That incomer is getting input from 6 5MW sources
– How much is the difference in values in both meters183 and 258
– Is meter calibration done?
-Check PT also
R-Y 115, Y-B 121 B-R 120
– Angles in 7SR relay.
– TCS Protection is not there in the 7SR17 Relay
-How to make logic for TCS in 7SR17 Relay?
– this will work only in the case of DC coil in VCB
– OK, but how to make an equation for that?
– My existing relay is Rho 3
– In the 7SR relay how to make the equation Like logic? How to make TCS Logic in-display evolution software. How many trip coils are in your breaker?
– Two
– Use two equations
– Assign binary input to 74TCS-1 to 4 in the input matrix. Then assign the same in output matrix by virtual input
– Use E1=V1V2, E2=V3V4
– 74TCS is not available in relay
– Which relay?
– 7SR17
– Is it possible to Use TCS if we don’t have 74TCS?

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– SEL 311B Manual Operating Password please Share
– Should be TAIL or OTTER
– Level 1:OTTER. Level 2: TAIL
– In CT, Due to leakage the oil reaches a minimum level. In that case how to refill the oil?
Whether we refill directly from the top of the CT oresle vacuum pulling thereby bottom filling?

– What can someone recommend as a voltage regulator for a 33kv line that experiences voltage fluctuations once there is any loss of any other 33kv feeder all feeding from the same 132kv bus. Meanwhile, the one that experiences the voltage dips is not on the 33kv bus.
– can we communicate the Schneider relay p442 in Micom S1 studio software?
– Can anyone tell me that when I am injecting 63.5in phase to neutral why I am getting voltages in ph to ph
– You are injecting in one phase or two-phase?
– Only phase to neutral. Rph only
– In the Y phase also 31V showing Not injecting in the y phase. If injecting in the R phase, it should not show in the Y and b phase, but it will show in VRY AND VBR.
– Is there a neutral problem?
– Try to ground the other two phases and check
– Check with three-phase injection also

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– during installation of Schneider electric studio and the net frame is not supported on this window
– how can I download the data model package for Schneider
– You have Schneider software?
– You can download it through the data model manager
– server did not respond
– If you need any particular data model, I will check and sent it to you.
– P442 distance protection relay all software version
– I will check in my system, if available I will send, email id?
– Plz check data model if have then plz
– I am connecting two power supplies in series of 48 V but the current of one is 10A and 2 A what will be the resultant
– Current
– Download data models
– Current will be added in series
– Check your email. I sent P442 data models
– yes I received thank you so much. server not respond
– Use Ge Micom S1 Agile
– How to make a Close circuit supervision configuration in 7SR Relay
– earth resistance value without grid must be less than 5 ohms, Is it correct?
– It depends upon the soil, for some soil should be less than 1 ohm
– What’s the meaning of 4 temperature inputs?
– Maybe for RTD connections
– Yeah. For bearings, stator, and rotor.
– What is the application of RTD, Monitoring the temperature.
-Resistance temperature detector. The resistance changes with respect to the temperature.
– Do we need any configuration in the 7SR relay for RTD?
-I haven’t worked on 7sr but RTDs need configuration

– How to test low impedance ref?
– Anybody has a testing format for REM 615 Like overcurrent, earth fault, thermal overload, phase reversal, negative sequence overcurrent protection for the motor, motor load jam protection, and motor start-up supervision?
– The testing procedure of 7SA522 if anyone has please share it? Which relay to set directional
– Does anyone have a SIPROTEC 5 .sim file to share?
– Single-phase pick up and three-phase pickup will be different for overcurrent Protection in relay Or not?
– In relay 7SJ64
– Idmt time at normal setting and 2 times current injection are coming same is this possible
– At a normal setting, the relay will pick up only.
– Check the output trip logic

– Can anyone clarify me LBB scheme 220kV
– Can earthing of CT 2ndry neutral on both sides (at panel side and at field side) can cause this differential current?
– Does anyone has experienced this case?

– That a transformer differential relay tripped even when the breaker is opened? Some differential current flowing when the breaker is opened
– In this case, the current doesn’t flow in the relay coil. it will circulate if both field side and panel side star point earthed
– Check DR
– if transformer trip on diff. relay on through fault what’s the reason?
– Check differential settings and harmonic blocking during energization.
– can we disable the external fault trip in Micom p642 diff?

– after running the generator for 3hrs the turbine guide bearing temperature would rose from 50-62, and if the machine is not shut down it will continue to alarm and trip point.
– Our plant has 6 generators of 96.4mw each, suddenly one of them developed high-temperature issue from the turbine guide bearing. It is a hydropower plant
– Increase the bearing temperature limit up to 85-degree Setpoint
– Won’t that cause bearing burnout as all other generators don’t get up 58 degrees?
– What about the oil temperature in that system?
– If the oil temp is high, too the bearing temp will be high. So you need to inspect cooling systems for turbine oil. The oil temperature also do rise but as usual, it should be lagging and that is what we are getting
– If you are using water in a cooling system, just inspect the water entry. Especially valves which allow cooling water to circulate.
– It’s self-cooling, when the shaft rotates it stir up oil in between the gap between it and the bearing providing lubrication and cooling at the same time
– forbearing to be at low temperature, the oil in its gap must be at a low temperature too. But the oil is cooled by either air or cold water system. So I am advising you to inspect the cold water system or air system. Because this shows that the system that cools oil is not working properly.
– Ok sir, our system is an enclosed type, no water cooling system, and we checked all the breeder points but no issues.
– Ok continue to troubleshoot bro.

– Hello, how to check if fiber optic between two relays is a healthy connection?
– Siprotec 5
– Anybody service provider near Bagalkot Karnataka. Like: TL, T/f, ht Panel relay breaker, cables
– How to make it possible for these two devices to communicate, they are connected using optic duplex LC
– anyone has the 7SJ85 test procedure, please?
– do you mean communicate as a protection interface for line diff 87L?
-Check device id

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– Can anyone tell me how to test low impedance ref Secondary injections or stability?
– Secondary injection
– I am facing a problem with distance signals Configure in the extended system interface
– You will get the signals which you require

– Need to apply 1500V DC voltage for testing. Have anyone came through the 1500V DC voltage injector kit?
– In the 220kV scheme with two main and one transfer bus does the logic inputs of TBC and Bus coupler are fed to that bay relay or not Or using Goose it is done can anyone tell me
– If I am understanding correctly, I would say yes you would get those signals wired to your bay relay as inputs then if needed send it via GOOSE to any other relay that needs it for its logic. Only during maintenance, you shift to transfer bus through 89T…so bus bar protection should not Operate for transfer bus For bay units, only bus isolators status (89A&89B) should be given. It should operate for Bus-A and Bus-B fault.

– For directional earth fault relay uses positive sector negative or zero?
– Generally, we negative and zero sequences not positive sequence

– Relay is showing negative power instead of positive, In this case, the current is lagging voltage, How, it is leading As PF is negative

– In capacitive load current leads voltage, In inductive load, current lags voltage, Current Our is an inductive load
– I guess real power is flowing in the reverse direction. You have to reverse the CT staring, change the PQ direction in Siemens bcu

– if you have calculations for differential relay for transformer 132/33, 132/33/11 Kv, can provide us with my regard

– There is interference between drawing possible to amended and reupload, I’ll try to convert it from my pc Relay is not time synced
– What is the SPS scheme used in the Power station?
– in Micom p442 relay how R1, R2, R3, R4 PP, and PG CALCULATE How-to measure the resistivity of water?
– Trafo is getting tripped at night in transfo differential Even though there is no current at night why it is tripping on differential

– I am testing an MFM em6400, I want to change the power factor From lag to lead
– Using a single phase is it possible Only positive and negative is changing in inductive
– anybody tells me how set the R1, R2, R3, and R4 P-P and P-G in Micom p442 it’s very urgent
– Which relay?

Can you send fault data? And DR Abb vd4 (vcb medium voltage) technical manual Required Trip, close coil, etc details

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– what is phase over-current, and over current in relays, Can anyone tell me what is Sf in the earthing calculation
– As I referred, it is the diversion factor for which fault is being distributed across the ground network through transmission line ground wires.
– Ratio of Ig/ 3Io. MTA is -15deg, RCA is +- 90, Then angle will be 60-0-240 For earth fault 75 0 255 have anyone use kocos artes kit for test distance protection relay
– How much the knee point voltage of nct
– Vkp = K * If/CTR * (RCT + RL + RR)
– Vkp is the knee point voltage. K constant taken as 2 If – max. Fault current
– CTR is the CT ratio. Rct CT winding resistance
– RL loop lead resistance in ohms. RR relay burden Or do knee point voltage test
– What mean by 40Rct+400v in ct details?
– <= 40-ohm winding resistance 400v knee point voltage < 30mA at 100 volt while knee point test 21/10/2020, 19:35 –
Greetings house, up till now our problem of guide bearing temperature rise has not been resolved. This sketch is my observation when the generator is operating but I’m not a mechanical engineer.


– Other generators don’t behave this way How to test under Impedance? The setting is 0.02 P. U, Relay is REM545
– how to test Micom p442 distance protection relay as well as setting.
– In the transfer bus how the sequence of operation will be performed
– what is the cause of tripping of incomer due to outgoing feeder trip on high set earth fault.
– How to test pole slip

-For overcurrent protection, On Which side CT low forward power protection and reverse power Protection is generally there?
– Neutral side CT or Phase side CT
– What’s the meaning of the four-step in this protection?
-Four steps mean four different stages, 4 different levels of NPS you can configure.

– Which version of DIGSI is compatible with window 8?
– One problem we are facing is that with stator earth interterm trip is also coming
Wiring checked what may be other problem

– I can’t change the common mode to RSTP Updated the firmware to P14231QB….B60L.
– How to enter in setting mode
– What do you want to do in settings To view setting only And to check measurements?
– Press down arrow, System data will come Then press right now, You will find measurements, configuration, settings
– I found these now But I am not able to enter any option
-If you found measurements, you have to press the down arrow
– Yea but nothing is happening
– You have to reset the trip and alarm, then you try
– Press the book 📖 symbol, It will show all Alarms, then press c.
– I am pressing the book key but nothing is happening
– How come out of this menu
– Press c
– Nothing is happening by pressing the c key also

– Once u can restart and do the same
– You have to switch off the relay, wait for some time then switch on.


– How compensation factor is used in the distance relay?
– When I change the star point then does protection operate or not?
– In the case of non-directional overcurrent, Relay is showing power in negative So I want to change the polarity.
– In directional it will not
– Depending on each direction (reverser or forward ) Starpoint to consider, I have set as forward
– P1 is the bus side and P2 is the line side, With S1 as star point

– When I am shorting the TB for changing the meter the current is still not zero. It is showing as 5A
– Actual load current is 64A, After shorting it is showing as 5A, not 0
– Please Share 7UM6211 Test Report
– Is this a balanced phase or are Y and B interchanged
– Yes the rotation is clockwise, According to me it is an ACB phase sequence. So Y and B needs to be interchanged


– I Am asking if anyone in here knows how to run two generators in parallel and kindly assist with the schematic diagram
-I have two generators

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– How to calculate capacitor in mfd?
– Step by step distance quadrilateral characteristic for all zones how to draw. please give me any documents sir
– Please suggest Which one is better for bus voltage measurement Induction VT or Capacitive VT?
– Would selecting any of these two make any difference, especially in bus voltage measurements? I don’t think so.
– Capacitive surpass Power Line Carrier (PLC) otherwise they mau consider the cost of their design.
– Cost it seems IVT is more at higher voltages.

– Hi anyone has any training materials for IEC 61850 configuration and testing. Please share. Thanks in advance.
https://elec-engg.com/iec-61850-training-course/
-Does it got configuration in IED scout?
-Yes

– Anyone has a manual of ABB aux relay model RXPSU14n?
– everyone plz anyone tell me what are these feeders? 1. 11kv Substation loop feeder with fiber optic cable. 2. 11kv Substation loop feeder with pilot wire (send end supervision relay time). 3.11kv Substaion loop feeder with (receive end supervision relay type)

– Please tell me which terminals are going to be used for Carrier Send & Carrier Receive?

– this for scheme logic distance protection?
– Yes
– From highlighted portion, u can understand
– Sir, 1& 2 for Carrier send and 5&6 for Carrier receive?

– Can anyone tell me details of these terminals, it’s an ABB make ACB, SACE PR 121/p ( SACE Emax E2), Open coil, closing coil, motor supply, then Indication ckt, Contactors ckt.

– Can anyone please name a few line auto reclosure 11kv and 11kv and 33kV fault passage indicator manufacturers based in India
– Can anyone give to the solution of board change ABB REF542+ relay
– Which type of communication cable require for ABB to make REF542plus?
– What could be the issue that the Ready LED is not glowing?
– Ready LED of D400 is not glowing..and our SLDC ppl are not getting data of the entire substation.
– Please suggest how to rectify the problem.
– If anybody has a 220KV substation all equipment SOP for operation & Maintenance. Please share

If interested in ETAP discussion Whatsapp group, send ETAP to me on Whatsapp, (Click)

– Have anyone idea about the overcurrent coordination between generator and generator transformer
– pls tell me how to decide Bus coupler CT ratio in the 220 kV Double bus bar system?
– Need IEC 60623
– Pls share if any member has it
– What is the busbar current rating, quad moose
– Can anyone reshare the pdf for electrical notes
– Anyone who knows Ziv relays plz contact me
– U want Ziv relay person no?

Our other groups:

. PSCAD group
. Substation automation. Please
. SAS WhatsApp group
. ETAP WhatsApp group
. SAS WhatsApp group
. Substation Automation & SIPROTEC & DIGSI Whatsapp group
. SCADA


– please anyone has SEL 487v technical Manuel for negative sequence
– Hi, anyone knows ZIV SCADA?
– Can anyone send me the Complete Design calculation PCC/MCC with 11KV / 0.415 V Substation.
– Can anyone share the electrical notes latest version?
– Substation Automation & SIPROTEC & DIGSI Whatsapp group, please
– Hello guys I should to cables tray, 90 degrees, 60 degrees, 45 degrees, and upsets and down set formula please help me
– our generator after start display come like this why my friend’s please give solution
– I have Relay GE 369
The password is forgotten How do I open it? How do I delete the old one and make a new password and delete the old one?
– Password reset is done in GE Canada only

– Can anyone give me information on how much the Clearance for 132/33/11 kV windings and the tank for 63 or 90 MVA according to IEC? Our Company design? And if possible the description of how the oil insulation process works according to this distance?
– Mean insulation between HV winding and tank
– anyone please share the HVDC station Single Line Diagram.
– Can any one of the engineers having p632 transformer differential protection calculations.
I had calculations for p633
– P633 is for 3 winding transformer differential protection and P632 is for 2 winding ones?
– I had dealt with 642 and 643
– Relays in transformer differential
– I have No idea on 63 series
– We are using P643 as 3-winding Transformer differential protection. And P-633 as Overall differential protection comprising Generator, Generator Transformer, and Auxiliary transformer

Does anyone have a document SLD for the bay Reactor? Please share with me..thanks
– If anyone has a REM615 backup file please share.
– Plz share anyone Modbus function codes

-Astrum. anyone has software for this converter
– Type rs232 to USB converter drivers. Micom (Areva) P121 software version is 6.H relay don’t connect with relay
– Using Micom s1 studio and Micom s1agile
– I downloaded all data models still same error present
– Change the USB port of your laptop and try again
– Go to device manager on the laptop
– Check driver settings
– Assign as per p121 communication parameters
– Is your OS Windows 10? Then it will be working without a driver. To check whether it is working go to Device manager and see the listed Com ports.
– I downloaded the software now it’s working
– No 10
– Please share this relay terminals details.. 12 and 34 are NO/NC contacts
– 9 & 10 are current coil
– 1,2
– After coil operation. what is the status of NO contact
– 3&4 would normally be used for trip wiring as it has a trip isolator switch in series.. see the red tab on the grab handle of the relay.
– This particular model is a self-powered type. So terminals 5,6,7,8 are not used. Power is derived from CT terminals 9&10.

– Can anyone give settings for this transformer relay Areva P633?
– All that you need from this nameplate are
1. Trxm rating 20000kVA

  1. Voltage levels 66/11kV
  2. Vector group YNyno
  3. CT ratio if you are using the bushing CT?
    – no I want relay settings for Areva p633

    – Anyone has manuals for this temperature switch for the transformer
    – Please share any procedure to communicate with CSC 326 relay using CSPC software
    – Can anyone share a drive selection guide: I want to convert one dc motor drive to a VVF drive
    – Please share the Secure Premium 100-meter manual.
    – sir, Premier 100, please.
    – sorry, I don’t have premier 100 series manual
    – I need a Secure Prodigy meter manual. Can anyone share, please?
    – What is the standard followed for 132 kV cable ampacity calculation?. ( Installation method above ground).

– Anyone please share the Operating time formula for Normal. Inverse 1.3 seconds curve.
– this is for the Normal Inverse 3 seconds curve I think
– In the case of 1.3 inverse curve instead of 0.1414 take-ups 0.0613 value should be used.
– Does the Overcurrent Highset setting for the feeder depends on the Transformer capacity in the substation?
– Suppose bus fault current 12 KA, and no of connected 3, den 4ka per tr, 400O o/ c high set. Instantaneous
– You are very correct in order to preserve the transformer life span
– we have 132/33 kV and 220/33 kV substations with 33 kV Feeders…one of my friends told me Overcurrent Highset depends on Transformer capacity.
– how to decide on the highest pls tell me?
– The sum of all the feeder’s load must be equal to your transformer LV capacity. it depends on the load on each feeder. See bus fault current first u HV 2 calculate For both the cases then divided it by no. Of tr.
– Make it ur hv o/c high set
– Tr mva/ tr percentage impedance. Highest fault mva for ur transformer
– We also face difficulty with the password of this relay. YouTube videos did not help.

How can we reduce the tripping of the transformer due to inrush current?
– Transformer 10MVA,66/11KV
HV side CT ratio 125/1A
LV side CT ratio 800/1 A
Relay Micom P642
– Settings of harmonic
– If I’m not wrong, in modern transformers because of core material, the Inrush current harmonics are sometimes less than 20% of the fundamental frequency component due to which differential relay operates. So, we can keep the setting at 15%. For second harmonics we can keep this at 15%

– anyone knows passwords to change settings?
– 000000

– please tell me what is the general delay time used for Overcurrent or Earth Fault Highset protection?
-Depend on your coordination
– Zero
– 100msec
– To allow line zone 1 to clear fault first

Join 20 WhatsApp groups for protection engineers

  • WhatsApp Grp 01: Protection Relay – General
  • WhatsApp Grp 02: Substation Automation – General
  • WhatsApp Grp 03: Transmission line protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 04: Transformer protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 05: Motor protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 06: Generator protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 07: Overcurrent and Earth Fault Protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 08: Busbar protection and Bay controller
  • WhatsApp Grp 09: Breaker protection and control
  • WhatsApp Grp 10: Protection Relay Testing and commissioning
  • WhatsApp Grp 11: DIgSILENT
  • WhatsApp Grp 12: ETAP
  • WhatsApp Grp 13: PSCAD
  • WhatsApp Grp 14: IEC 61850 configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 15: Switchgear GIS & AIS
  • WhatsApp Grp 16: GE Relay Configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 17: SIEMENS Relay configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 18: Schnider Relay configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 19: SEL Relay Configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 20: ABB Relion configuration or more services, send a message to our WhatsApp support: https://elec-engg.com/whatsapp-group-for-protection-engineers/

– hi, anyone has a ZIV RELAY course about programming its logical control, and interlocks? I need to understanding completely but is not possible only to use the manual brand, located on their website.

-Anyone faced this problem while adding a relay to the IEC station in sip5?
– If anyone having Sepam relay thermal calculation sheet please share it with me.
– if CT gets saturated .what is the solution after CT gets saturated. We want to replace CT or any other solution
– CT secondary current flow to the secondary winding
– How are confirming that CT got saturated?
– Sir for knowledge purposes if CT gets saturated in future
If we observe these types of the problem in the future, how can we overcome these types of problems?
– Which purpose bypass resistor is used in Modbus communication?
– What is the burden of your CTs?
– Saturation is purely a magnetic property issue. So there is no alternative solution to do corrections in the circuit rather than core replacement.
– You need not replace your CT there are ways to demagnetize the ct
– Can you explain in detail the theory of core saturation in ct
– How can we demagnetize the CT? We had followed demagnetization in transformer ..whenever we got erroneous values while testing dc winding resistance
– The easiest way to demagnetize a CT is to apply the test current at a level that approaches its excitation ‘knee’, then slowly decrease the input current to zero. This can be done with secondary excitation or primary current injection.
– I think some testers offer this option, Like omricon ct analyzer
– Can you explain why you need to replace your ct?
– What is the solution to these types of problem
– Anyone having a method Statement for how to create logic for Sepam Relay using SFT2841

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– we are getting the above error when communicating with RET650. Please tell us what could be the problem?
– Rollback package software needs to be updated using the Update manager of PCM600
– I could not find the Rollback package software. It’s in update manager, select relevant relay IED connectivity package. In that package, there is one rollup package that’s automatically installed.

– 33 kV ABB circuit breaker Trip coil and close coil have a PCB connected to them. Pls, tell me what is the use of that PCB?
– I think PCB is meant for capacitive tripping device CTD. CTD separate unit is present sir
– black color portion in the above image
– Check the drawing, While Exporting, Icd from Abb relay -PCM 600 the icd file in Browser, showing TEMPLATE
– In scheme ..no drawing of PCB…the electronic ckt PCB meant for coil protection purpose / to safeguard coil.
As the coil is designed for a short time not for continuous.
– what kind of protection is used, sir?
– what are the steps to be followed when synchronizing a new 220 kV Transmission Line to an existing 220 kV Bus?
– Anyone has a WINCC script for the addition of tags and displays on the HMI screen.
– This is a 220 kV ABB make LTB245E1 type circuit breaker. Please tell what is the use of S7-A circled in the above figure
– Did you look up S7 in legends?
– I think you could find working philosophy in the breaker manual
– It is mentioned Blocking switch but the function of it is not mentioned anywhere?
– For emf voltage discharge
– They are opposite
– I think they are for an anti-pumping system, isn’t it?
– Anti-pumping will come only in the Closing path. This is an AC motor (Spring charge) circuit I think.
– Spring charge also needs to be cut off, so I thought the Motor Cut off will be via Q1 contacts in series. S7 contact is, like AN said, for discharging stored EM energy in the motor winding.

– Anyone knows how to download cid file from sepam relays and how to do goose configuration?
– Hello guys, please how do I program the LED of ABB REF615. My main challenge is to change the parameter setting from false to true.

– Hello colleagues, I have a question, in case there is a fault on the 33kv or 11 kV side is there any impact on 132kv side protection equipment? Mean did the protection will sense the fault?
– overcurrent relays on 33kv from TP, maybe send a trigger From application configuration
– Yes 132 side will sense the downstream faults but it will work as backup protection for downstream protection
– Dear all, in abb REM 615 RELAY, HOW WE CHANGE NO OF HOT START FROM 1 TO 2, WHICH PARAMETERS OF STPPMSU HAVE TO CHANG?

– How to calculate phase sequence angle in cable
– Anyone pls explain how to set the power calculation for the reverse power relay…
-How to calculate the size of earthing cable for DCS or PLC?
– SQL SERVER MAKE MANUAL START, Then open PCM Again
– Please reply to this expert
-1.press windows +R
2. type services. MSc and enter
3.right-click on SQL server (PCMSERVER) AND THEN START
– when do I start services?
– Reinstall the SQL server 2014
– Please can anyone help me with the primary impedance R1 + jx1/ km and R0 +jx0/km value of a Bear conductor ASCAR 250mm² with a diameter of 23.45mm
– Hello guys! Anyone working with GE Multilin D30? I have a relay that seems to be unconfigured on distance. Backup OC and EF are enabled but seems no contact is assigned for tripping though it shows indication during testing. 50/51, 50N/51N


– Power Swing Block is used and activated in Distance Relay to block its operation in case of Swing period disturbance
– It’s not about definition. I want ABC concerning enervista.
– Emanuel starts reading the D30 manual.
– What should be OLTC AVR relay PT Lower and raise voltage settings.

– Secure Premium 300 energy meter is showing like this in the parameters..please tell me what is its meaning?
– CT low means very fewer amps detected by ct
– What is the meaning of VT polarity?
-VT polarity means instant of increasing live terminal to positive is the same instant of increasing live terminal in secondary to positive in this case polarity is good and this secondary terminal is x1 and x2 is grounded. But if vice versa x2 become life and x1 is grounded For VT polarity Test the same ways of CT polarity Test
– Is it affect relay operation
– Of course, if this relay is Directional or Distance or Reverse power Relays and also if powering measuring device as kwh meter

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– What do we have to check if the transformer tripped in?
– DGA, Insulation, Ratio, Magnetic balance and Winding Resistance
– Hi guys, do you know where I could find a bibliography for protection for photovoltaic systems connected on the grid? I need to know a siemens V4 relay can work as a time source for Micom relays
– Magnetising current, Short circuit impedance tests of the transformer are also important to check for any deformation of windings. Turns ratio test and DC resistance test of winding.
– SFRA test is also one of the diagnostic tests but it’s not done in most the companies
– Do you mean the bandwidth (this determine when the tap to shift up/down)?
– Yes


– Please tell the ‘distance’ below which ‘Line Differential Relay’ should be used for protection of 220 kV or 132 kV Transmission line?
– Line differential use mostly for underground cable not over a headline for e.g RED670 Abb line differential and for OHL REL670 will be used
-In addition, RED670 have the ability to protect distance too
– sir, why is it that Differential is used for cable and not a line?
– Because with differential you are normally using fiber Optic, laying parallel with feeder. It is common to use line differential for underground cable and distance relays for overhead feeders
– Cant we have line diff if we have OPGW with the line?
– As much I know there is no distance length specified for Line differential relays. Line differential protection is also being used in overhead lines especially short lines and for high voltage lines that have redundant protection such as 400 kv
– Yes I think it is possible, the line can be used with opgw too, but I never face that actually in our system

– anyone has 2 phase transmission line with ‘line Differential protection’?
Line differential protection is being used for very short lines say less than 1 km. We are using it on 550 meters 220kv line.
– will anyone please the type of curve used by Indian railways for Overcurrent protection of the traction feeders?
– Very inverse characteristics
– why is it used and not Normal Inverse or Extremely Inverse?
– Main protection is overcurrent protection for railways. they adopt very inversely in the downstream network. so for relay coordination, we use the same curve

– Anyone knows how to configure goose signal at abb PCM software.pls share documents if u have
– How to check I/O Status in sepam80 relay
– In HMI, Or Software
– I have used this once before, now I am not getting it
– Once Relay is Connected with ur Lap, There is Spanner Symbol Available in Icons, Open it, Directly it will go to I/O Monitoring In HMI, Press Main Menu, U ll Get IO page Directly, Press Enter then Side Arrow for Next page
– Does the main menu mean this one?
– Press 13, then Options will come as I
– If I am using this protection output in logipam, then where I want to enable it and give settings
-For 50/51N_1_3, I enabled unit 1. Then where I have to give set. In groups A 3 or 1
– Anyone please share the Power Swing testing file for Omicron CMC356?
– Anyone has EMCO AVR relay service engineer contact no in india
– How to calculate transmission line loss from line length
– i^2 * (unit R/km*line length) will give for one

– Dears how to activate the help file “about” in digsi4 software
– Anybody has a manual for ETL 41 ABB PLCC equipment?
Kindly share.
– In EMCO AVR relay at the parallel of PT supply component used which is burnt is capacitor or resistor
– To test directional earth fault relay, voltage I’m giving is healthy and how much current to give and its the angle In earth, fault make voltage less in one phase
– Your test will fail because you inject a healthy phases voltage, that’s mean there is no zero-sequence voltage needed to operate the relay. You should simulate a real fault, if an earth fault happens to phase A the voltage of this phase will drop to a low value

– I’m trying to press the about button but the help doesn’t open the specific tab explain ‘ although I reinstall the device drivers
– Install the Device driver with help from the siemens site
– Already installed but it appears as a total manual in pdf, not an individual parameter
– Anyone has logic for soft on manual close command in p444 micom

Anybody having Pre-commissioning and Commission procedure or MOS for Substation Upgrade projects

– What is the Siprotec 5 Relay Password??
– 6 times 0
– Tried, not Working
– 222222

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– I am facing a problem with the SFT2841 authorization code/registration.

-Register with ur mail ID, code link will come
– U can give any mail ID, and number. It will get registered.
– I got it registered. But still can not log into the Sepam, any ideas
– Do you use a USB to serial adapter or do you have a built-in serial port?
– What’s the relay model
-S42
– Is this cable fit for Front port communication?
– Yup

– Hello everyone I had a problem with the siemens Siprotec 7vk61 relay it is not measuring injected current and the relay is not showing measurements could anyone please help me out with this
– Relay showing measurements in

is there any Error led?
– No led
-Try to initialize the

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– MLFB file with the same version, Then configure as per your system Then check
– For what purpose was this relay used?
– Breaker Management
– Eg, like TIE bays
-Auto reclose
– AR for a tie, and all
– Inside the software, you checked the measurements?
– It is showing this on measurements
– Error in IED
– Yes also it is not showing in Digsi software
– Check the Control options in Relay

-Anyone having Areva P521 pilot wire Relay Technical Manual.

Need Areva, not Schneider.
– How to find the slope for low impedance REF in Sepam T81
– Please tell me What value of Contact Resistance is acceptable for 33 /132/220/400 kV Circuit breakers?
– ABB de 30 a 40 micro ohm
– The contact resistance value depends on the current of the circuit and not on the voltage.
– You should evaluate the manufacturer’s tests also evaluate the dissipated power in the resistance found. Then compare with the short circuit power of the circuit breaker
– If I install the 7sr100 RK all template then I got the 7sr100 r4h-1a. Is it’s crt?
U install Rk range

– H series will come In a minimum of all templates. the 7vk61 is not showing measurements do anyone have a solution for it?
– Anyone with guide notes for using sverker 780 relay tester On vamp relay?
– What is this infuse failure relay?
– Looks like selenium rectifier 3 phase. Also called a metal rectifier

can anyone help me with how to test overexcitation on the generator by CMC? V/f =1.2

– Voltage KV rating how much?
– 11kV
– There are two methods to check, one is increasing voltage and the second decreasing frequency method.

  1. Keep frequency constant and raise the voltage.

2. Keep voltage constant and decrease frequency. In both cases, plz continues to monitor the v/f meter on display.

– Do anyone has a solution for this relay it is not showing measurements
– Kindly check the logs once. I was assuming that there is a configuration issue. Because device healthy condition.
Apart from that, this is a sync relay so there is no ct connection and this window is for current measurement.
– Sorry not Sync it is auto recolse relay
– Trigger the check syn Input, Manual, or Give all measurements properly.
– What is the best method to find zero sequence impedance of line?
– U have to take it from the conductor manufacturer he provides you with R0 and X0 and you can calculate.
– Ct are connected

– How can I synchronize the relay time and date with the laptop time and date in siprotec 5 Siemens relays
– How to check this curve 2 in sepam m87 relay?

– anyone has ideas for loss off comm on SIEMENS 7SR1811? we checked the fiber comm is ok but the commlink still failed.
– How you checked fiber communication?
– by applying laser light end to end.

– when we read this error coming to any solution to read ABB Rec670
– Kindly provide auto reclose logic for ABB bcu. For one and a half scheme 400kv.
– There are two SEL relays for the same line prot. have different order numbers while one comm. the channel used for direct fiber and one used with media converter. Still found a comm. Fail can you help
– can I use PCM 600 for version 2.8 in the relay?
– Yes. But must have the connectivity package of the relay you are communicating.

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– Does anyone know how to communicate Double F6150e with the F6300?
– Use the network for communication using pc.

– Can I change power disconnectors or isolator’s control in substations from working by classic control to work by PLC (programmable logic controller)?
– Same generators on parallel connection but one either not taking load or shedding of load at 50%. What can be the coz?

– Anyone knows the cable testing IEC formula for both ac and dc?
– We have a 7SJ62 Siemens relay protection. In the event log, the time and date have a question mark. The source protocol of our device is Ethernet NTP. Why do we have a question mark on the time and date of the event?
– Your device time is not Sync with GPS Clock

– Pls guide anyone on how to check the spring charge motor trip test using the B10E megger kit
– I need advice on protection on a 132kV transmission line to connect to a solar PV plant producing 92MW.
– This is the first generating plant like this proposed in the country.

– Does anyone know how to make logic equations in Areva P921?
– Exact solution for this?

– This problem is coming in Digsi while communicating via USB.
– In the taskbar, there is comtask32 close that first then close DIGSI and restart with run as administrator or restart the laptop
– Apart from this?
– Means I don’t know
– This happens whenever you disconnect the device in online mode. If this is happening only one or two times while communicating the device then you have to follow the same procedure as mentioned.
– However, if the same thing happens after doing this then you have to repair your DIGSI.
– DIGSI repair also tried the Same problem arising, Random at some periods Some Times.

– devices connected? After repairing
– Different devices only, Then try to connect in another project don’t connect on the same file,
– I’m, using DIGSI for a while.

– Randomly I have got this error, Once this error came almost all times same error repeat while communicating, Still, I could get the Proper solution for this, and also cause for this error, I have searched In DIGSI manual
But nothing was mentioned regarding Comtask32. All the minor checks – All seems okay
– Problem in Siprotec 4. I’m using software 4.93
– then you have to reinstall your windows as well DIGSI.
– I’ve faced this issue in different laptops / different os too.

– How could we check trip log and event log in IED Scout in siemens Siprotech Relays
– What is the type of this FO port, please?
– LC/SC/ST like this?
– LC
– these two, please?
– LC
– SC
– The above relay has FO LC-type rear ethernet port and its protocol is IEC60870-5-103. Will it support time synchronization with SANDS make GPS?
– Abb rec670 relay restarting again after double point status included. Does anyone know how to solve this restarting issue please send me a message
– This change is in the 61850?
– No just changed binary input status
– What will be the default password for GE L90?
– It is showing local access denied while changing settings from HMI. I am getting this error when I send application configuration to the relay REF 615
– I can able to read but am not able to write what will be the reason!? please anyone who knows how to solve this issue message me.
– Can someone help me to configure this relay ABB REF 541?
– Breaker feeding primary of 6.6/.415 kv transformer is tripping on earth fault during inrush
– 6.6kv is grounded through 50 Amps NGR
– 51n is set at 10 amps idmt at 200 Msec
– 50n is set at 20amps dt at 50 msec

– Please guide for the 68 settings in ABB ref 615 relay
– It’s tripping on Earth fault Highest function?
– Earth fault’s highest setting may be less. We keep it as 8-10 times of idmt setting. For example, if CT is 600/1A, then earth fault highest function is kept at 2A(10 times of 0.2A)
– anyone having a thermal overload calculation sheet for the transformer kindly shares
– Transformer testing

– Please tell me What is the use of the rings in the above Voltage Transformer?
– Any sip5 engineer who knows to change the phase current name for DR?
– Hi everyone I am facing this problem for ABB615. Whenever I gave the read from IED that time showing this error.. – — How can I solve those errors and read relay files from the relay?

-Anyone pls send me the ABB REF615 Relay version 5.0.13 relay connectivity package
– Use and update manager or go to their website
– The updated manager has no option for searching
– Kindly update the license by right click on the relay and use the license updation tool.
– Please, can anyone help. CB always trips back after single-phase Auto reclose. The PD is the 60s
– Kindly make it clear?
– After the relay give AR command to the CB it will close and trip back immediately and after that, the CB will trip other phases on PD. I’m doing commissioning the line, not charge
– Here showing option 5.0.1. But I need 5.0.13. how can I download the package
– Did you check for any trip signal presented to the single-pole trip relays?
– Yes. The feedback is on the relay to test set.
– Breaker should be in a close position for AR
– In the open condition, AR should block
– It was in a close position and I trip the CB with the relay on 21Z1 Ph-G fault. Then CB open and the relay send a reclose command

– Did you check the outputs which are getting high on single-phase trips?
– I have checked it very well because the test kit shows the duration of the trip. About 0.038s
– No other outputs are getting high?
– Yes
– Disable TOR function and then check
– TOR?
– Trip on reclose function which is there in every numerical relay
– Disable this function and then check the auto reclose
– Correct CB state must be provided for the AR relay/21 for AR to work. As I understand AR will work if the CB is open, not when it is closed, along with other interlock conditions.
– The problem is that the CB is reclosing and trip back immediately, Which means some trip signal is tripping it. it’s not the ar logic which is at fault.
– You need to remove the particular phase’s trip input to the single-phase trip relay and then try a reclosing function test.
– If it works, you are going to find out which relay keeps issuing the trip positive to the 1 phase trip relay.
– If you reclose the CB from the AR function of the relay, the CB close and remains. If there is an output that is high it should not stay
– That’s the logic.
– The problem happens only when I trip the CB from Close to open and back to close?
– You can check also a timer on CB for pole discrepancy. sometimes you need to delay more for reclosing test.
– That s a basic check. make sure that the dead time is not more than the reclaim time & PD time. Even though as per your description it’s not what trips the CB on reclosing.
– Adjust the timer on CB after that reclose successfully signal to come.
– If it’s a new CB, after conducting the CB closing timing test, set the deadtime above the closing time of CB too.
– it’s a new CB
– Normally, the closing time is 100msec and the dead time is set as 1sec. Remove other 2 phases trip relays and then apply single-phase fault with one trip relay. Check if AR works
– Keep one trip relay in circuit with other trip relays drawn out
– Suppose you apply Red phase fault, keep the red phase trip relay in the circuit
– If others are there definitely it will trip the CB on 3Ph
– That’s what we are doing
– you apply Red phase to the earth fault using the testing kit and keep Red phase trip relay in the circuit
– Have you checked that Breaker is closing on Single phase fault AR and then tripping? If others are active the relay will show TrpA, TrpB, and TrpC
– it’s closing on ar, but again tripping on single-phase trip relay, And later due to PD timer, remaining phases trip too
– You said that it’s again tripping on the Trip relay. Check the Auxiliary contact 52A of the circuit breaker which is in series with the trip coil. This contact can malfunction. This contact is meant to break the DC circuit of the Trip relay
– If the trip relay remains in the energized state it can again trip the breaker

Join 20 WhatsApp groups for protection engineers

20 WhatsApp Groups for protection engineers

  • WhatsApp Grp 01: Protection Relay – General
  • WhatsApp Grp 02: Substation Automation – General
  • WhatsApp Grp 03: Transmission line protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 04: Transformer protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 05: Motor protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 06: Generator protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 07: Overcurrent and Earth Fault Protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 08: Busbar protection and Bay controller
  • WhatsApp Grp 09: Breaker protection and control
  • WhatsApp Grp 10: Protection Relay Testing and commissioning
  • WhatsApp Grp 11: DIgSILENT
  • WhatsApp Grp 12: ETAP
  • WhatsApp Grp 13: PSCAD
  • WhatsApp Grp 14: IEC 61850 configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 15: Switchgear GIS & AIS
  • WhatsApp Grp 16: GE Relay Configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 17: SIEMENS Relay configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 18: Schnider Relay configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 19: SEL Relay Configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 20: ABB Relion configuration or more services,
  • send a message to our WhatsApp: https://elec-engg.com/whatsapp-group-for-protection-engineers/


– Electric duct heater 240 volts, 3500 w what are meggar valves
– This would not lead to a successful Autorecloser.
– If the CB aux switch s faulty and a trip signal persists, the TC will get burned out.
– Yes, the trip coil can burn
– But I don’t find any other reason. I think they need to check trip coil resistance too,
– As the coil has not burned, it’s not the CB aux switch that s causing the issue.
– Can we extract fault waveform, I mean one more thing needs to be checked: the testing kit needs to stop injecting fault after the first trip, is it being ensured.
– Correct! And if the kit feedback point of the trip is correct.
– Yes I confirmed it. It shows 0.038s
– If you remove feedback the test kit continues
– Check the Programming logic of the relay, maybe Autoreclose digital output signal may have been connected to the trip output contact of Relay
– Check the PSL or configuration of the Distance relay. I have only a three-phase supply without neutral, in my system newly 1 phase loads are being added. how can I provide neutral wire to these loads, without implementing any Trafo (Delta-Wye)?

– Hi guys. How Can I reset these ledes?
-Reset, then reset indication LEDs, Check the BB switch if it’s on or off.
– I did it but it doesn’t work.
– Where can I find BB switch?
– On the same panel
– This is the sepam Relay s configuration,

– Why we are using () In not gate function. is it mandatory to use the set brackets?
– Not Required
– If u Want to Invert an Input, U Can use it NOT directly. So set brackets Were not important, right?


– What is the meaning of this error code, please? p343
– This error code means that analog input module serial E2ROM Failure.
– We advise replacing analog input modules through an authorized repair center.

– Anyone knows how to trigger DR in sip 4 either online or manually?
– Open relay online and go to test then double click on test waveform, DR will be triggered.

– HMI in LabView with IEC 61850 (MMS) Communication
-It’s just a simulation or HILT (LOOP IN TESTING)?
– First I configure the SEL 751 in QuickSet software, then I use the SEL Architect software for IEC 61850 configuration, in the end, I use the RELAB OPC SERVER software to read the reports I created and the software transforms them into OPC signals and the LabView can read that data in real-time. You can also use Kepserverx to transform MMS or GOOSE data to OPC
– Value under switch on condition means in case of differential

– I have good knowledge of digsi4 but no knowledge of digsi5 software. Anyone has any guidelines to access digsi5. I need to see how the signal is configured for SAS OR GOOSING.
– Actually in 5 no need to assign any signal for IEC all are pre-configured
– In the file, there is the option of IEC structure …on that, you can see

– Anybody Simulated signals from IED SCOUT?
– This block “MVGAPC1” is used for SAS in the REF615, but I don’t need it to appear on the events

– can anybody tell me the difference between short-term overcurrent trips and long-term overcurrent trips?
-What is the password of SEL 551?
-Try TAIL Or OTTER
– Sometimes the password for ftp might be FTPUSER too. If you have quickset settings, you will get the information in it

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-Does anyone face time inaccuracy in OMICRON CMC256 only if trip time < 1-second?

-What are you testing?
-Phase Overcurrent.

– What are you using? Quick CMC, state sequence, or auto?

– We use a 125V DC system for our substations. The string consists of 93 NiCad cells. The charger is SENS. The only settings available on the charger are FLOAT, set at 1.37VpC 122V, and EQUALIZE, set at 1.57Vpc 138V. These values appear to be assuming the string consists of 88 cells.

– Should I just adjust the FLOAT to 130V?
-I don’t see any way to set the number of cells in the string.
-How separate furreol in canon mk2600 printer?
-Anyone worked on Micom 546 relay. Line differential relay? I am facing one problem that the tx of differential communication getting on-off frequently in back relay tx is getting
on-off, or in your mux, In HMI of relay
– Value is getting 1 and 0.
– maybe you can check in measurement 4 in display relay, same or not with tx on HMI.
– What is the password of this relay SR-489?

-The factory default passcode is zero (0)

– Also, you can try state sequence.

– just an update Was able to find in the setting where there is the number of cells for the string but was not allowed to change the value which was found to be 93.
– we Will try to contact the manufacturer to address this.

– What’s the difference between WCDM11 type relay and WCD type? Both are reverse power protection relays but can we interchange them?
– how I install DIGSI 4 in windows 8 or windows 10?
-Hi the above relay SIEMENS show the error LED and monitor SMS.

– can you help me to solve this issue? Busbar relay 7ss52?

– Actually, it falls back in monitor mode, go down there will be one option of reset. do that.

-Yes. Otherwise, nothing will show in time

-hi, could anyone shares PDF standard library “IEC 60255-6 ELECTRICAL RELAYS -PART6:MEASURING RELAYS AND PROTECTION EQUIPMENT”?

– Does anyone have a manual for this relay or how to read the settings for this relay?
– Which relay?
– Micom p444
– Once switch off auxiliary supply And switch on


– I have a question about inrush on the Transmission line:

– Is it inrush current created during energizing of under-ground transmission line? On voltage levels of 132kV and 6.5KM
– No, inrush current produces during charging of transformer.
– Anyone has Rio file for field failure and pole slip?
What is the default password of this Siemens Relay?

– 000000

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– Why u need To communicate and see Fault Recorder
– I think It can be used HMI only And Modbus communication ports only available
– Ok. That is also ok. I can use that only as long as I have the respective firmware.

– Guys anyone has this book?! Can anyone upload it??
– Transformer Inspection and Testing (Electrical Power Plant Maintenance Book 1) pdf

– Hello anyone works this type of MDB?
– This is not MDB. looks likes the control panel.
– Sir Are you working on this panel?
– Looks like if SC and Rtu panel
– Please send a link goes to download TDMS software for DRTS 64 testing kit

– Hi does anyone have MComp suite software of L& t relays?

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