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sample discussions

– While I connect sip 5 bcu like that error I got. how can I solve that
– Differential initial setting is 0.2*In?
– What is the meaning of it?

– Anybody has breaker dcrm result & procedure for testing breaker dcrm with megger TM1740 kit.
– I think the problem is your RAM.
– maybe you can upgrade it to 8GB or 16GB.

– What is this problem?
– Install the device driver for 7sj80.
– My breaker got tripped on differential Relay is not showing any current
-87BD In phases R, Y, B But no current.
– W1 or W2 -It’s tap changing problem.
– It is due to an imbalance of voltage.
– Tap was not changed. In relay 5th harmonic and 2nd harmonic is blocked.
– Not showing any winding.
– I just updated the firmware of my 7SA82 relay from 7.82 to 8.06, now the relay shows firmware 8.06 but CFG 7.82, when I go to the device information page of offline extracted settings, here upgrade option is missing at configuration version, please guide me how can I get upgrade option.

here you can see, upgrade option is not there near CFG

this is what the manual shows, but in my case, this upgrade option is not there as you can see in the above picture.
– Did u import the communication firmware for this device?
– issue resolved, by following this “You can go to – Upgrade project device” in the project tree, and you will find for upgrade CFG-

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– Got this error when installing digsi 4.94, plz help.
– When I am taking megger for pt primary to secondary, then when taking b/w primary and 1a and primary getting 400 Mega ohms, and primary to 1n getting 1.9 Giga. Oh, why is the difference?
– What is the applied test voltage? – 5kV.
– Remove secondary connections either connected 1a or 1n. Apply test voltage case1: primary to 1a
Case 2: primary to 1n. The values more or less should come the same. Sometimes it will show some difference due to testing machine (Megger) measurement and also ambient temperature(T)
– IN the 7SR relay where to find the Characteristic angle?
– Using reydisp evolution.
– take PRI. to earth at 5kv and seco. to earth at 500 v.
Has anybody tested the GIPAM 10NZ relay? Where is the direction selection for 67G SGR Protection In software?
– Check-in current protection folder – +-45 by default.

– any ziv zlv distance protection engineer urgent need, Unbalance settings are given 30%
– How to test and justify this 30%
– How to Test 100% Stator Earth fault protection?
– With 3rd Harmonic. It is the power setting. When u give the fault with power above 30%. Then only the relay will be active.
– Which relay Model?
– 7UM622
– Control cable length is 700mtr, then how to calculate voltage drop.

– if 220 kv or any kv panel which receiving end panel thus their relationship angle between v-i is 180 degrees apart.? is this right?

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– Vph to Vph selected. The setting is 121 V.
– Then for secondary injection how to inject?
– How to test under excitation protection in Siemens relay 7UM?
– U have to first take the capability curve of the generator and then on under excitation side make 3 part one at 0deg angle, 90deg angle, and 120 deg angle
– For each angle, u will get a certain MW and Mvar which u can inject through ur secondary injection kit in terms of voltage and current?

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– Can anyone provide the DNP3 protocol standard?
– On the upper side of Relay Ready LED is Blinking. That’s why it’s not communicating by software, How to fix it
– which led?
– Ready LED
– relay faulty indiction is going on annunciation.
– No annunciation is coming on other. but I think the relay gets faulty.

– Is the relay restarting again and again? Because it blinks when in test mode
– Is it in test mode?
– Is it rebooting?
– u can also check the error code in the relay
– Not rebooting.
– HMI working properly
– When you read the data from relay through software what error it is showing?
– oh ABB show on the display
– this is an error inside
– Not communicating with software
– must repair
– What is the fault code relay is showing?
– Not showing any fault Or warning code, the Only ready LED is Blinking

– Now communicated with relay, But the Blinking problem is not fixed
– Go to main menu/monitoring/IED status/self-supervision, Check for the faulty hardware module. If it is a diagnostic failure then also it flashes
– Check IRF alarm contact status to find the reason, It is an internal fault maybe.
– Why is current in the R phase so much high on normal voltage
– Load on the R phase might be more as compared to other phases.
– Normal voltage is injected, And the normal current is injected.
– whats the ct ratio?
– 400/1
– check backup relay measurement.
– how many the core in ct?
– But I am injecting to relay directly.
– How secondary set Check ct wiring?
– Star point of relay Input Is correctly wired.
– Star point is only for protection.
– R u injected or the line is the charge?
– Relay is separated from PT CT, I am injecting current from omicron.
– PT as well
– R u injecting balance current?
– 1 A
– Yes
– check ct ratio in the relay.
– CT ratio is OK in the relay when u inject is there any current in IN?
– Yes same as the R phase.
– Check-in this, it was fluctuating
– inject only r phase backside of the relay terminal not on tb
– It’s 934 A is showing when I inject only in R phase
– led is blinking for this relay (REL670).

– Is circuit breaker contact resistance temperature-dependent
-Yes the hotter it has the higher the value. That’s why you would have seen that the current is injected for a very short duration. As not to elevate the temperature
– Does variations in input voltage affect breaker timing?
– Input supply varies from 110V to 170V. The ideal voltage is 110 V

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– 132 kV breaker close time =77 ms
– At160V
– PT ki 110 v vary kr rhi h
– No pt
– Direct supply from AC source for testing
– ac supply for the kit, No for breaker control supply
– Usually, the higher volts may not affect the timing but will damage the insulation of the coil
– Is this value is acceptable
– ac supply use in break only for motor. Refer to the manual.
– Input ac supply for the kit is 260V For MV, I have less than 60ms for one while 40 ms for the other type. The source is giving 260 V
– So you have to compare with the values in manual
-Trip time is 46 ms, CO=39ms
– please check these angle diff. is correct or wrong?

– Can you tell me what is the name of this marked portion? And why it is connected there?
– It’s correct, inductive.
– When I charge the 132kv line, then I get the all secondary 3phase voltage at the panel TB from line CVT. But I trip the breaker, now the line remains back charge bcz of opposite end connected. In this case, I get only R, B phase voltage from the same line CVT. Y ph voltage is near to zero(i.e, y=7 v) How it is possible?
– line pt install
– May you phase jumper opened in transmission line?
– please check from the remote end voltage.
– It is also perfectly correct. remote end all three voltage is perfect?
– tell me all three voltage.
24abb , 18:32 -abb pcm600: R=63.8.
– Now it is charged at both ends. When I cut our end breaker, then I get only 2 ph voltage
– r u seeing in the panel?

– No seeing at pt MB
– cut the break from remote end charge from our end then check
– same problem
– I get all 3 ph voltage
– It is clear
– CVT after breaker or before when charging from both ends then what about the load
– all three loads are balance
– Does the problem solved now? Check the wiring of pt at tb
– Is it loose
– It is perfectly connected
– What about pt secondary phase to phase voltage?
– 110 if it is charged at both ends
– What about all other phases?
– All three-phase to phase voltage is 110 if the line is charged at both ends.
– If I cut my end breaker then I get 2 phase voltage only
– I am not getting Yph voltage

– Does the LA inline side shows leakage current?
– If our side is charged and the other side breaker is off in this case I get all three-phase voltage
– Yes check for leakage current in LA.

– Does DNP communicate over RS 485?
– Yes, if supported by the relay manufacturer.

– Correct, RS485 RS232 RS422etc is just a standard for serial communication
– DNP is a protocol that can be communicated over RS232 or RS485 serial port. DNP can be daisy-chained, just use a terminating resistor
– The motor got tripped on 51n but all three-phase currents are equal, the protection on the calculated value of three-phase currents internally by the relay. the relay was 7sj66. What are the causes?
– IR value of the motor is good

– Anyone can explain the difference between DNP and Rs 485
– RS 485 is port, DNP is protocol, DNP is a protocol
– Used in the process automation system
– Anyone can explain how to collect ABT meter load survey data through RS 485 port?
– Ok thanks, so the DNP3 outstation address will act like node ID?

– How many relays can we drop on an RS485 using DNP3?
– I mean DNP3 slave address ranges up to 65535
– The maximum IEDs that were successfully daisy-chained was 255, however, I won’t use anything close to that.
– Read through the RS485 standard, all is specified, this is not my area is expertise, but I’ve seen them work over 200m, use a 9600bd 2 wire comms, With 2 pair, 0.5 twisted shielded pair, proper earthing of spare wires and shield, I used till1400 meter closed loop
– anyone uses kocos Artes 440 three-phase secondary innection set.

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– Please share a detailed explanation of under excitation Protection
– Please tell me about the LBB scheme in 220kV
– Local Breaker protection scheme depends on the type of busbar scheme you applied for.
– What is the type of bus bar scheme used in your 220kV station
– It is a trip matrix for designing protection schemes
– For which type of unit? Is it for generator
– Class A is for Turbine trip class B is for the GCB trip
– Whenever Turbine tripping occurs, GCB trips consequently.
– No correlation with a generator in this case. It is for a transformer. The above transformer is a GT.
-Though it is a GT, protection group A and Group B is for transformer breaker itself. Hv side and LV side (GCB), 86.1 & 86.2
– GT doesn’t have HV side CB. 86 means Master tripping. I’m saying for transformer
– Here in the trip matrix, Group A & B are categorized for master trips only.
– You mean, GT doesn’t have hv side CB
– Sorry LV side doesn’t have CB I meant to say. if it is 11/33kV GT. CB will be at the 33kV side in small power plants.
– It is a transformer
– I want a wrt generator For the 7UM relay.
– Low impedance busbar having main and check zone For busbar trip. how this is working?
– I understood the scheme is a double busbar with a transfer bus scheme.
– The main and check zone concept is different from LBB. We use a zone system in busbar differential. Whereas, LBB operates when the corresponding breaker fails to trip under feeder fault/bay fault condition. LBB will extend to the trip concerned busbar of that breaker(two main and transfer scheme) and other ends of the line (i.e., opposite end station).
– You will be more clear with protection schemes, showing LBB operated page.


– does float dc ammeter show which current In the battery charger?
– From DIGSI 5 can we communicate Siprotec 4 relay?
– No, But you can install them on single pc

– anyone has drawn for this 11 kv panel siemens?
– I am having two MFM in different panels both having the same voltage and current but KWH is different. Is this possible?
– Check CTR in both
-Checked it is correct, Current may be the same now but it might be different in different timings, so results in different KWh ratings.
– Load in two feeders could not need to be the same all the time. Eventually, results in different kwh ratings.
– One is incomer and one is outgoer. Only- one feeder connected in that bus?
– No. Then how both current ratings were same
– it is a plant of 30mw where incomer is trf and connected to og line
– That incomer is getting input from 6 5MW sources
– How much is the difference in values in both meters183 and 258
– Is meter calibration done?
-Check PT also
R-Y 115, Y-B 121 B-R 120
– Angles in 7SR relay.
– TCS Protection is not there in the 7SR17 Relay
-How to make logic for TCS in 7SR17 Relay?
– this will work only in the case of DC coil in VCB
– OK, but how to make an equation for that?
– My existing relay is Rho 3
– In the 7SR relay how to make the equation Like logic? How to make TCS Logic in-display evolution software. How many trip coils are in your breaker?
– Two
– Use two equations
– Assign binary input to 74TCS-1 to 4 in the input matrix. Then assign the same in output matrix by virtual input
– Use E1=V1V2, E2=V3V4
– 74TCS is not available in relay
– Which relay?
– 7SR17
– Is it possible to Use TCS if we don’t have 74TCS?

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– SEL 311B Manual Operating Password please Share
– Should be TAIL or OTTER
– Level 1:OTTER. Level 2: TAIL
– In CT, Due to leakage the oil reaches a minimum level. In that case how to refill the oil?
Whether we refill directly from the top of the CT oresle vacuum pulling thereby bottom filling?

– What can someone recommend as a voltage regulator for a 33kv line that experiences voltage fluctuations once there is any loss of any other 33kv feeder all feeding from the same 132kv bus. Meanwhile, the one that experiences the voltage dips is not on the 33kv bus.
– can we communicate the Schneider relay p442 in Micom S1 studio software?
– Can anyone tell me that when I am injecting 63.5in phase to neutral why I am getting voltages in ph to ph
– You are injecting in one phase or two-phase?
– Only phase to neutral. Rph only
– In the Y phase also 31V shows Not injecting. If injecting in the R phase, it should not show in the Y and b phase, but it will show in VRY AND VBR.
– Is there a neutral problem?
– Try to ground the other two phases and check
– Check with three-phase injection also

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– during installation of Schneider electric studio and the net frame is not supported on this window
– how can I download the data model package for Schneider
– You have Schneider software?
– You can download it through the data model manager
– server did not respond
– If you need any particular data model, I will check and send it to you.
– P442 distance protection relay all software version
– I will check in my system, if available I will send, email id?
– Plz check data model if have then plz
– I am connecting two power supplies in a series of 48 V but the current of one is 10A and 2 A what will be the resultant
– Current
– Download data models
– Current will be added in series
– Check your email. I sent P442 data models
– yes I received thank you so much. server not respond
– Use Ge Micom S1 Agile
– How to make a Close circuit supervision configuration in 7SR Relay
– earth resistance value without grid must be less than 5 ohms, Is it correct?
– It depends upon the soil, for some soil should be less than 1 ohm
– What’s the meaning of 4 temperature inputs?
– Maybe for RTD connections
– Yeah. For bearings, stator, and rotor.
– What is the application of RTD, Monitoring the temperature.
-Resistance temperature detector. The resistance changes concerning the temperature.
– Do we need any configuration in the 7SR relay for RTD?
-I haven’t worked on 7sr but RTDs need configuration

– How to test low impedance ref?
– Anybody has a testing format for REM 615 Like overcurrent, earth fault, thermal overload, phase reversal, negative sequence overcurrent protection for the motor, motor load jam protection, and motor start-up supervision?
– The testing procedure of 7SA522 if anyone has please share it? Which relay to set directional
– Does anyone have a SIPROTEC 5 .sim file to share?
– Single-phase pick up and three-phase pickup will be different for overcurrent Protection in relay Or not?
– In relay 7SJ64
– Idmt time at normal setting and 2 times current injection are coming same is this possible
– At a normal setting, the relay will pick up only.
– Check the output trip logic

– Can anyone clarify me LBB scheme 220kV
– Can earthing of CT 2ndry neutral on both sides (at panel side and field side) can cause this differential current?
– Does anyone has experienced this case?

– That a transformer differential relay tripped even when the breaker is opened? Some differential current flowing when the breaker is opened
– In this case, the current doesn’t flow in the relay coil. it will circulate if both field side and panel side star point earthed
– Check DR
– if transformer trip on diff. relay on through fault what’s the reason?
– Check differential settings and harmonic blocking during energization.
– can we disable the external fault trip in Micom p642 diff?

– after running the generator for 3hrs the turbine guide bearing temperature would rise from 50-62, and if the machine is not shut down it will continue to alarm and trip point.
– Our plant has 6 generators of 96.4mw each, suddenly one of them developed high-temperature issue from the turbine guide bearing. It is a hydropower plant
– Increase the bearing temperature limit up to 85-degree Setpoint
– Won’t that cause bearing burnout as all other generators don’t get up 58 degrees?
– What about the oil temperature in that system?
– If the oil temp is high, too the bearing temp will be high. So you need to inspect cooling systems for turbine oil. The oil temperature also do rise but as usual, it should be lagging and that is what we are getting
– If you are using water in a cooling system, just inspect the water entry. Especially valves which allow cooling water to circulate.
– It’s self-cooling, when the shaft rotates it stir up oil in between the gap between it and the bearing providing lubrication and cooling at the same time
– forbearing to be at low temperature, the oil in its gap must be at a low temperature too. But the oil is cooled by either air or cold water system. So I am advising you to inspect the cold water system or air system. Because this shows that the system that cools oil is not working properly.
– Ok sir, our system is an enclosed type, no water cooling system, and we checked all the breeder points but no issues.
– Ok continue to troubleshoot bro.

– Hello, how to check if fiber optic between two relays is a healthy connection?
– Siprotec 5
– Anybody service provider near Bagalkot Karnataka. Like: TL, T/f, ht Panel relay breaker, cables
– How to make it possible for these two devices to communicate, they are connected using optic duplex LC
– anyone has the 7SJ85 test procedure, please?
– do you mean communicate as a protection interface for line diff 87L?
-Check device id

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– Can anyone tell me how to test low impedance ref Secondary injections or stability?
– Secondary injection
– I am facing a problem with distance signals Configure in the extended system interface
– You will get the signals which you require

– Need to apply 1500V DC voltage for testing. Have anyone come through the 1500V DC voltage injector kit?
– In the 220kV scheme with two main and one transfer bus does the logic inputs of TBC and Bus coupler are fed to that bay relay or not Or using Goose it is done can anyone tell me
– If I am understanding correctly, I would say yes you would get those signals wired to your bay relay as inputs then if needed send it via GOOSE to any other relay that needs it for its logic. Only during maintenance, you shift to transfer bus through 89T…so bus bar protection should not Operate for transfer bus For bay units, only bus isolators status (89A&89B) should be given. It should operate for Bus-A and Bus-B fault.

– For directional earth fault relay uses positive sector negative or zero?
– Generally, we negative and zero sequences not positive sequence

– Relay is showing negative power instead of positive, In this case, the current is lagging voltage, How, it is leading As PF is negative

– In capacitive load current leads voltage, In inductive load, current lags voltage, Current Our is an inductive load
– I guess real power is flowing in the reverse direction. You have to reverse the CT staring, change the PQ direction in Siemens bcu

– if you have calculations for differential relay for transformer 132/33, 132/33/11 Kv, can provide us with my regard

– There is interference between drawing possible to amended and reupload, I’ll try to convert it from my pc Relay is not time synced
– What is the SPS scheme used in the Power station?
– in Micom p442 relay how R1, R2, R3, R4 PP, and PG CALCULATE How-to measure the resistivity of water?
– Trafo is getting tripped at night in transfo differential Even though there is no current at night why it is tripping on differential

– I am testing an MFM em6400, I want to change the power factor From lag to lead
– Using a single phase is it possible Only positive and negative is changing in inductive
– anybody tells me how set the R1, R2, R3, and R4 P-P and P-G in Micom p442 it’s very urgent
– Which relay?

Can you send fault data? And DR Abb vd4 (vcb medium voltage) technical manual Required Trip, close coil, etc details

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– what is phase over-current, and over current in relays, Can anyone tell me what is Sf in the earthing calculation
– As I referred, it is the diversion factor for which fault is being distributed across the ground network through transmission line ground wires.
– Ratio of Ig/ 3Io. MTA is -15deg, RCA is +- 90, Then angle will be 60-0-240 For earth fault 75 0 255 have anyone use kocos artes kit for test distance protection relay
– How much is the knee point voltage of nct
– Vkp = K * If/CTR * (RCT + RL + RR)
– Vkp is the knee point voltage. K constant taken as 2 If – max. Fault current
– CTR is the CT ratio. Rct CT winding resistance
– RL loop lead resistance in ohms. RR relay burden Or do knee point voltage test
– What mean by 40Rct+400v in ct details?
– <= 40-ohm winding resistance 400v knee point voltage < 30mA at 100 volt while knee point test 21/10/2020, 19:35 –
Greetings house, up till now our problem of guide bearing temperature rise has not been resolved. This sketch is my observation when the generator is operating but I’m not a mechanical engineer.

– Other generators don’t behave this way How to test under Impedance? The setting is 0.02 P. U, Relay is REM545
– how to test Micom p442 distance protection relay as well as setting.
– In the transfer bus how the sequence of operation will be performed
– what is the cause of tripping of incomer due to outgoing feeder trip on high set earth fault.
– How to test pole slip

-For overcurrent protection, On Which side CT low forward power protection and reverse power Protection is generally there?
– Neutral side CT or Phase side CT
– What’s the meaning of the four-step in this protection?
-Four steps mean four different stages, 4 different levels of NPS you can configure.

– Which version of DIGSI is compatible with window 8?
– One problem we are facing is that with stator earth interterm trip is also coming
Wiring checked what may be other problem

– I can’t change the common mode to RSTP Updated the firmware to P14231QB….B60L.
– How to enter in setting mode
– What do you want to do in settings To view setting only And to check measurements?
– Press down arrow, System data will come Then press right now, You will find measurements, configuration, settings
– I found these now But I am not able to enter any option
-If you found measurements, you have to press the down arrow
– Yea but nothing is happening
– You have to reset the trip and alarm, then you try
– Press the book 📖 symbol, It will show all Alarms, then press c.
– I am pressing the book key but nothing is happening
– How come out of this menu
– Press c
– Nothing is happening by pressing the c key also

– Once u can restart and do the same
– You have to switch off the relay, wait for some time then switch on.

– How compensation factor is used in the distance relay?
– When I change the star point then does protection operate or not?
– In the case of non-directional overcurrent, Relay is showing power in negative So I want to change the polarity.
– In directional it will not
– Depending on each direction (reverser or forward ) Starpoint to consider, I have set as forward
– P1 is the bus side and P2 is the line side, With S1 as star point

– When I am shorting the TB for changing the meter the current is still not zero. It is showing as 5A
– Actual load current is 64A, After shorting it is showing as 5A, not 0
– Please Share 7UM6211 Test Report
– Is this a balanced phase or are Y and B interchanged
– Yes the rotation is clockwise, According to me it is an ACB phase sequence. So Y and B needs to be interchanged

– I Am asking if anyone in here knows how to run two generators in parallel and kindly assist with the schematic diagram
-I have two generators

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protection relay 2 Discussion

– During one phase PT failure, will overflux relay work? Has anyone seen this kind of voltage transformer connection?
– Why is B-phase winding grounded on the secondary side?
– Can u share the nameplate details of the PT.
– yes, in an oil company, usually they only use 2 PT inputs and make it a delta connection in the relay
– That’s an open delta voltage transformer or potential transformer.
– It’s mainly used as an input to detect earth faults using neutral voltage displacement.
– Typically the sum of the voltage across D7 and D9 is zero. however, should there be an earth fault and one of the phases hit the ground? you will get voltage across the open point.
– Such schemes are used in ungrounded systems or on generator-transformer sets. there is no path for earth fault.
– Sorry open wye but the scheme is the same.
– Open delta connection, Yellow phase normally will ground. But as per the drawing seen some conflict.
Normally 2 VT Winding we can see.

– This is a star connection with the y phase grounded Not an open delta. I was reading on the internet it’s some old practice followed in the UK.

– Anyone has any experience with diesel Genset paralleling on the common neutral resistor? How many generators can work connected to the resistor and how many can work isolated in parallel mode? That’s a very big open question.
– Yes, it is problematic to solve its protection system.
– Yes we typically run the neutrals to a common neutral bar. Install at least 3 the neutral earthing resistors and contactors
– Are you talking about medium-voltage generators?
– Yeah.
– How did you calculate the size of resistors?
– Please, can you share some calculations?
– I need a setting guide for directional protection.
– If any example for Double feed SubStation with the tiebreaker normally closed
– What is the Apts scheme?

– For this system, with the two Transformers secondary breakers and the tiebreaker normally closed, and installing directional on the two secondaries, I need some guidance on how to make the setting for the directional, And if anyone has a similar case I will be glad if he shares his settings and how to make them?
– the intention of the Directional on the secondary side is for backup protection? I ever encounter an application that uses the secondary side 67 as a backup by looking up into the transformer and if it operates it will trip both HV and LV.

– Can anybody share about the zig-zag transformer? Principle operation of it.

– Anyone has SR 469, SR 650, and SR 750 test formats? Which is software used for these relays? Anyone pls help?

– What could be the cause of the SF alarm?
– PLC is communicating with another PLC over Profibus
– Well, it can be a lot of stuff, but the first thing I always have for this alarm. SISTEM FAULT means that you may have some unit programmed inside your PLC that is not connected in the field.
– So if it still works let it be
– with that alarm all parameters of the slave address become red
– This is not something to concern, just be sure you have a good backup of the PLC program. but if it remains, it will not let the startup of the Engine
– Yes, but if it is already working, maybe is only a module programmed in the PLC but not connected in the field, but I say, I saw processes going on for Years with this SF, and nothing ever happened.

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– We have a problem with the Generator Micom P343 that does not boot, please help us how to fix it, thanks
– Check the ribbon resistance of HMI to relay. We have faced the same and asked Alstom then after they checked and replaced the ribbon, and fixed the issue.
– Where is the ribbon?
– Open the front side of the relay then there is a connecting ribbon cable u can find
– This, is not Bad contact Ribbon the message is clear (Micom Booting) with Led Alarm lightning in red Fast
It’s like PC booting, I think it’s a microprocessor issue.
– We have faced the same problem in our reliance industries Jamnagar plant and Alstom itself give us a solution and change all the ribbons. Micom rebooting issue may be from the HMI problem/relay power card problem but if it comes even after replacing HMI look forward with manufacturers. It’s not just like pc booting issues. There is no chance of error in the relay or bugs like a microprocessor.
– I might be wrong but I share what I experienced with the same problem.
– Any vacancy for a Facilities Manager
– How do I determine distance characteristics in the L90 GE relay? do someone has a commissioning manual for L90 relays?

– I want to know what you guys as an Electrical Department are doing to fight COVID-19 in their workplace.
– 132kv circuit tripped showing R Y B phase and zone 1. And the same circuit is energized from another end at no load. Also, no fault was found on the circuit during patrolling. What will be the fault? Distance Relay type Micom P 441. It could be transient or pic up fault
– Does it show any distance in zone 1?
– Grid staff is not too efficient to check the fault recorder. I will go to check it tomorrow and will discuss it again
– What is the status now does the line charge from both ends?
– Only from another end at no load
– Sir but usually these transients will be blocked by numerical relays rights
– I think it may be DC grounding
– Check the fault recorded to see the fault current and voltage
– Lighting
– Depending on the magnitude and relay Makes. We have had similar invent without any trace of a physical cause
-can you share with us the Comtrade file

– What is the standard setting of the characteristic angle for directional overcurrent phase and ground (67/67N)?
– does somebody has this relay technical manual ABB PCD for the recloser?

– Hi anyone has a static VAR compensator (SVC) protection scheme that can share?
– What is the standard setting of the characteristic angle for directional overcurrent phase and ground (67/67N)?
– For typical distribution networks (up to 33 kV), I set it to 30 degrees. For sub-transmission/transmission, I set it to 45 degrees, between the current phase and voltage polarizing quantity.
– However different scenarios may require different angles and have to be worked out.
– This angle for directional phase overcurrent? What about the angle for directional ground over_\]\]\]]]\\]]\current 67N?
– Are there any references for how to make the setting for directional phase and ground overcurrent 67/67N?
– I would typically read the relay manual, And use the default recommended value. The actual math behind setting them can be very tricky.
– Which relay are you using?
– Sepam s40
– The application is two parallel Transformers
– What’s the voltage level and how far is the relay from the supply transformer?
– From experience, RCA is 20~40
– For 67N, the value is dependent on the type of grounding. Please refer to NPAG, it was clearly explained there
– Anyone has a digsi4 Activation Key? And for 67, if I am not mistaken, RCA is set based on the impedance angle of the system

– Anyone tested Transformer DIFFERENTIAL 7SR242 DUOBIAS. I have some doubts about bias characteristics!
– This is the complete manual, but the bias equation is not clear on it!
– Does anyone here got any information about ct accuracy class 0.1 PL 270 R6
– I want to know knee point voltage and resistance

– Install Studio Enterprise this is a combination of all SCADA & it will work as per your licensing

– Does anybody here has experience with Toshiba relay GRL 200?
– I want to ask about the IO config
– Why don’t you Let the admin look into it? Please send me any study material regarding AVR
– For a substation
– Little emergency for my undergraduate project
– I can send you the datasheet of Engine AVR
– ABB Unitrol 1000

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– I have to change CT/VT ratio in an Elster A1800 energy meter. Already got established communication with the meter via Metercat 3.5 software. I believe CT/VT ratios can be changed via the function “Program” but I am not able to proceed as everything at the “Program” popup window is grey (not editable), I request you support me in changing the CT/VT ratios.
– You have to enable changing xt ratio on the parameters function

– There is no Parameter menu in Functions? please clarify in detail or send a snapshot
– Hi Guys, I have a question for the 220KV level, which is suitable for either CVT or IVT(PT)? And why Usually we are adopting IVT(PT) in Andhra Pradesh India
– CVT always
– Sir can you please support your statement As we have observed the drift in secondary voltages is more in CVT compared to IVT over a time span
– Mainly installation reasons. they are lighter, cheaper, and Safer (transfer of emf when a fault occurs) as there is no direct connection to the primary voltage source.
– Can you explain how does the voltage drift?
– Deterioration in the capacitance levels throughout operations results in variations in secondary voltages Can’t that be fixed during maintenance? (Note: I don’t have any experience in maintenance and operation Even I don’t have any experience in Maintenance. But I am not sure we can improve this ineffective manner)
– CVT for transmission circuits or High Voltage i.e greater than 66kV and IVT for distribution circuits 33kV and below
– Moreover, we are mostly using IVT in 220KV levels also so, I am not aware of fixing methods. I believe it’s a cost trade-off. In India IVTs in 220kV class are more affordable than CVTs. And yet you may see them actively used in 220kV stations where the transmission system is at 220kV level. This is because the same CVT would be used as a coupling capacitor for PLCC communications as well.
– That’s my understanding
– Why when we calculate short circuits at transformer secondary we should consider no-load ph to phase voltage not rated voltage?!
– Yes.CVT is more affordable to be used since the consideration of its(equipment) isolation to H.V.
– Yes, we can track and analyze its dissipation factor( Tan Delta measurement)
– Which position?
– This is an AVR relay from ZIV bringing.
-anyone has the pin configuration of this relay?
– If you mean bias setting, then I would say it has to be calculated based on the transformer parameters
– Hello everybody, good morning. Do any of you run the digsilent program?
– What /which are the switching operations and commissioning procedures of HV / EHV equipment considering the safety rules of power system operation?
-P94V Undervoltage relay showing continuous trip, but no alarm present and all functions disabled, need technical support .can anybody please help?
– Go to view record and reset led Did, but still not going
– To increase the contact Resistance with the Ground!

-To minimize step potential?

Our completed Courses:

– Why stone and whether it’s the only solution?
– Cheapest
– Another reason stones are used is because it helps in the fire. mitigation, especially where oil traps/ sump pumps are not available.

– The leaked oil will have less surface area exposed to air that can burn, thereby reducing the fire hazard.
– Weather dry sunny temp 35c approximately Fault 132kv lighting arrestr and HV bush of power transformer 20/26MVA damaged
– 132kv CT side clamp
-Counter of lighting arrestr
– Lighting arrestr
– Structure damaged After fault jamper
– Analysis as per our senior-most retired chief Engineer such type of fault occurs due to delay of lighting arrestr counter delay. This type of fault occurred in Pakistan time by a time when lightning arrestr having counters are installed. Due to the delay, the HV bush of the power transformer was also damaged
– Did the Hv bushing pass the lighting impulse test?
– At the time of manufacturing or now
– Bushing may be damaged due to pressure of conductor available 132kv surge arrester if required plz context 03214484444
– I wonder if you have the fault recorder of this lighting surge impulse on your relay
– Are there any lightning arresters at the top of the transformers firewall/ other location?
– What’s the fault in the protection relay or fault recorder?
– Ds agile documentation please, guys how can I get cooling oil for a 1000-volt transformer
– What is the relay saturation of the IDMT curve in sepam T80 and S82?

-Any have experience In Reyroll Relays.! I need help with how to change the “Out of service mode”.

– We need to do an 87L test, as you can see in the secondary current to relay is very low 0.044A. We did a second injection for the GE L90 relay and found it doesn’t read 0.044A. Value is fluctuating and gets stable at 0.1A.

– why the 51N protection of the REF615A relay operates in an almost constant time of 0.06 seconds
– reviewing the operation curve the minimum operation time is 0.02 seconds at least the first 3 tests would have given me the correct value
– check the other seating. Check the type of curve selected in the relay, Whether it is time or IDMT
-1 group setting might be clashing with another one, check all stage settings group-wise.
– Work Is for Automation Visit in Kolkata. Just visit the site in Kolkata only people from Kolkata plz contact me.

– A Power distribution full project including the design of LV and MV component
– 40mva x-mer tripped on differential during charging of 33kv feeder with Idr= 0.49pu, Idy= 0.50pu and Idb,= 0.53pu.
Both sides LA have physically verified and found ok.
– Did you check the %of Harmonics during charging from the DR?
– please do a stability test and after that examine the results.

– might anyone have the design book of transformers with CRGO steel core and amorphous metal core
– Please guide how to reset DR full alarm in DPR Micom p442 Schneider Electric
– Maybe you can right-click on the device and select supervise device

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– Anyone has a VALANCE book on “How to Test Breaker Failure Element Logic”?

– I have a problem with Micom P443 for Distance Protection. I have a problem with System Checks for Autoreclose, anyone can tell me what is the difference between CS1 Close Enable dan C/S AR Immediate?
– Cs1 close enable is the setting of sync check on which you want to recloser the circuit breaker like on Live Line Live Bus or Live bus Dead Line or Dead Bus.
– If you enable c/s AR immediate then it means that if during the dead time system check conditions are met then it will reclose the breaker without waiting for the remaining dead time period,
– Like for example if dead time is 1 sec
– And system check conditions are met during 0.6 seconds of dead time, then the relay will give reclose command without waiting for the remaining 0.4seconds of dead time. But you have disabled the system check conditions on shot1 which means it will reclose the breaker without looking into any system check conditions,
– Sys check on shot 1 should be enabled too.

– Hi Guys I have a question: what is the problem with a 3phases motor run by A frequency driver, if I want to run it very slowly for instance at 4HZ normally it runs at a modulated Frequency variable between 50Hz and 0 but what happens to a very low frequency?
– I know that it will run slow, but it will warm up a lot right? but more than that what will it happen? somebody, some documentation to explain this phenomenon?
– It depends on the loading. The higher its loading, the more power is needed to turn the output torque. If you don’t have a load, just make sure your lower frequency setting has a minimal current to move the rotor otherwise, it will overheat.
– I even reinstalled my windows not going, I checked the internet settings also.

– how we can develop an HMI screen of operator name tag id selection in Schneider Vijeo Designer Basic HMI software
– Can Anyone suggest or provide a link for low-cost alternatives for moxa U port 1150 type connectors with similar capabilities?
– USB to Serial converter

– Does anyone have sft sav diagnostic software for the Sepam relay?
– Does Anyone know about selec Twix-2 PLC communication with Schneider HMI
– Please have someone ever configured SEL 487B busbar protection?
– The SEL Technical Support Line is available at +1.509.338.3838

– does anybody here has the SUE3000 configuration tool
– Some examples of End Fault Protection with SEL 487B?

– Anybody can please share with ME Schneider Software SFT SAV?
– what does this number means 6000 of this RCD?
– It can open currents up to 6000A. 6kA
– Note it’s RCBO not RCD
– What s the difference? Because some tell me it is the max number of trips. RCBO stands for residual current circuit breaker. It can open faults up to 6000A. It can be used for short circuit protection as well as sensitive faults of 30ma. RCD is a residual current device. It’s used only to pick up sensitive 30ma faults. They can’t open full short-circuit currents. -Think of RCBO as RCD+MCB
– No it’s the rated fault level.

– We have the following problem with ER making DUOBIAS relay for Transformer differential protection
– Can anyone guide what to be done with this?
– Hi anyone tested the commissioning motor differential protection relay procedure please Sharing
– Short circuit level for this device
– This kind of error shows in sverker 900 Megger relay test kit anyone has an idea what is this?

– Maybe you could try to restart the device. And try jumper each phase RST to the neutral phase.
– Jumper are arranged like this is it ok?
– I have restarted the kit but it not working
– Jumper I1to neutral, then I2 to neutral, and so on. Simultaneously inject a small current to monitor the device voltage ports are also not working
– How about the current ports?
-They are also not working
– Make sure when you start the device the knob selector is in an off position.
– Check the fuses too

– Does anyone know if you can force or simulate voltage on an ABB relay? That is, without using a device like Omicron
– someone helps, how can I test the GE L90 diff relay as a stand-alone without connecting with another one? You can only force digital outputs and simulate inputs. You can’t force analog signals such as voltage and currents. You need an external source
– I’ve never dealt with this relay but If it is for line differential, chances are that you’ll need two relays. the receiver and transmitter
– But you can still use the primary injection method to do the testing
– Do you have to test line differential?
– You can go to setting, testing, channel test, and loopback. Inject currents, the relay will consider one current as local and one as remote

– Hello guys, I’d like to ask maybe some of you ever test this type of relay.
– Where can we find the tms
– I think tms is 2
– TMS is nothing but a round dial
– Yes it is 2
– In this case, it’s 2

– for ref relay input problem. Ref620
– From the drawing, check the terminal point associated with this input. Isolate it then troubleshoot that circuit to find out where the “high/positive” signal is coming from
– why does inside relay see this message drawing as not a problem?

– I am working with a 2X300 MW thermal power plant in India and our 400 kv switchyard is having Alstom MICOM P 441, and REL 670 for protection also for the generator we are having siemens make 7UM622 and MICOM p345.
Is there any standard that speaks about the frequency of relay testing?
– Normally frequency of Numerical Relay testing depends on the utility practices.

– In our utility, we do it annually. But in my opinion, it is not required annually.
– Numerical relay can be tested for 5 years once. Scheme testing can be done annually.
– anyone has a cracked version of IED smart or IED scout for the IEC 61850 simulation?
– How to do scaling of this pressure sensor
– these transmitters are of a fixed range
– 615 series?
– try to use a new project. if still like that try to factory reset the IED but if it is still operating


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– How to connect GPS to this siemens relay 7VE632
-synchronization via IRIG-B
– someone assists me with CPC 100 software.
– You either need IRIG B port on the GPS receiver or you need NTP to IRIG B converter

– Please find below the parameters you are expected to use as discussed with RTM;
Reactance = 0.2215 ohm/km
Inductance = 0.20808 ohm/km
Suseptance = 0.07573 ohm/km
Distance = 313km
– Please how can I find the positive and zero sequence impedances from the above parameters thanks
– 400 KVAR 90 UNITS. 132KV CAPACITOR BANK. neutral CT 5/5. 132kv CT 400/5. Capacitor protection or unbalanced relay current setting? Relay type SPAJ 160 C
– Normally Unbalance protection has one special other CT different from CT 132kv phase or CT neutral but if This CT 5/5A is just for SPAJ protection we adjust the setting unbalance between 10 (..)20% In for nominal current this CT 5/5A

– Please explain the working of the reverse power relay at the consumer end for the small hydropower plant with a declared capacity 24.75 MWWhat is recommended Characteristic angle for Directional Earth Fault protection (67N) on SEPAM

-Sepam relay is on the closed-loop network.
-System grounding: resistance grounded (Two NGR Prallelled: 2x800A: 1600A).
The type used for 67N on Sepam: Type-02 (the protection function uses I0 vector magnitude).
Residual Current input on Sepam: Calculation of Summation three-phase current (not residual CT).

If anyone is interested in ETAP discussion Whatsapp group, send ETAP on Whatsapp:

– I want to know if my raw data for the sensor is 0 to 32767 and I wanted it to show in HMI in the format of 0 to 100 bcoz if in system sensor mistakenly gets faulty or I have to replace the sensor and the sensor of any other company in my system, so due to this I can change from HMI raw data in the format of 0 to 100 is it is possible?

– Hello, Micom p-243 protects the compressor after start 15 minutes then trip. The indication in local HMI (motor fault alarm )but in the protection relay no indication but became an open position. When I go to the record I see this in the pic
– I do isolation resistance for the motor by using 5kv meggar the result was 4Gohm

– In HMI how to create an operator name error
-It’s over Current, what’s your starter motor current start pick and protection Micom configuration?
– Respected members, Please guide me on how to carry out the Hi-Pot Test/Dielectric strength test for 22kV 3ph Breakers/Bus bar.
-If the available source is DC for testing, how much voltage is to be applied, and are any references of the standard for the same?
– How to write scripting language for 0 to 50 Low and 50 to 100 high values in C programming for HMI?

– on Nari pcs9611 relay, when powered on it displayed sub-supervision Alarms. Alm-device, Alm -time sync.
How can I cancel?
– set the time synchronization to off instead of sntp
– Under settings?
– under device config or communication.

– Does anybody has ZX0 ABB switchgear O&M.manual
– Especially Gas handling procedures
– HB 600-05 en
– HB 605 Gas handling Manual for ZX0
– I tested my lightning arrestor for 11KV after removing it from the line and the IR value was 400 meg.
– A few minutes later I tested it again the value was raised to 15 Gig.

– Please I need the manual of Siprotec 7SA87
– Hello everyone, could you help me with the function of the TC1 on the delta winding?
– It’s a current transformer for the winding temperature gauge

– someone knows what is the difference between I> and I>>?
– I> is the short-time protection setting and I>> is the instantaneous protection setting of the overcurrent relay
– Can somebody tell me what happened if the tripping coil resistance and a closing coil resistance of vcb are the same? then there is any impact on the performance of vcb?
– You can return to the datasheet of the circuit breaker and closing and tripping coil, you can find the standard values of the resistance of the trip and closing coil and compare it to the measurement
– I just want to know the theoretical answer Behind this.
– From an electrical engineering point of view
– closing coil resistance is designed much less than tripping coil resistance to having a stronger magnetic field
– Yes I know it is designed, but my question is if they are the same then, what happened?

– does somebody here have some “how to configure Modbus protocol in SEL relays” document or some kind like that?
– Someone has a method statement for Testing CVT Tan Delta

-Does anybody have a project for the RED670 relay?
– Anything, in particular, you are after !’vv?
– Current line differential relays fairly straightforward?

– Anyone knows what is the problem when a source (power plant) transmits power to a substation, then the neutral current monitored in the power meter is a bit higher than normal?
– I know that It means that there is an unbalance current in each phase. But what else can be that causes the phenomenon?
– The P.F on phases R and S are lagging 0.9, but phase T shows a leading P.F.

– In case it’s an internal fault, just assume that the 87 T relay and Ref relay will trip.
– your understanding is correct. But apart from it, if primary Overcurrent (50/51P) works, it will trip the CB 150 kV, and how about the CB 20 kV?
– Is it required to trip the CB 20 kV too?
– 87T trip, REF not really, depending on the fault. PP fault or 3P internal fault won’t initiate REF
– To isolate the power from the LV side too, in case of bus section on the 20 kV side is closed
– Depends on the control scheme we use in most of the cases we adopt if HV side CB trips on protection LV CB also gets a trip, and REF is more sensitive for earth faults in the differential zone. If it is an earth fault REF trips faster than Diff.
– I think that 20 kV CB will need to trip too to prevent reverse power from the remanent voltage (power) at Bus 20 kV side. But if there is a remanent voltage on the 20 kV side, is it possible to induce a voltage in the primary winding to create a current?
– Since you have NGR, an earth fault close to neutral may not be detected by REF.
– Percentage of the unprotected zone can be calculated based on relay settings and CT ratio.
– Yes. due to the resistance, the sensitivity will be limited.
– Have everyone ever tried the induced voltage on the secondary winding of step down Transformer i.e. let’s say 150/33 kV. How about the primary winding transformer, does it will generate a low current or a harmonic current?
– Actually, fault moves towards the source. In actual LV will not trip because the fault current will move towards the source side (150kv) side but if inter trip function is available then LV 20kv side will trip too
– Anyone knows about the calculation to get the value of Z1 Sensit? Iph>1 ?
– Fault current should be above this value to identify zone 1 or zone 2 faults
– I got it. But how to get this value?
– Okay. I have found it was 1.2 x CCC / CT Ratio
– CCC indicates which value? please clarify I doubt the Current Carrying Capacity Of the conductor
– In Distance Relay
– Anyone knows the CB IS( In-Service) Time function?
– Since I close my CB then the IS time starts to count to set AR Block
– If CB is manually closed then after this time CB will be considered in service and the Auto Recloser function will be enabled too.
– But why it AR block indication appear?
– After the CB IS Time starts to count. Still struggling on this distance relay
– Because during CB IS time AR Function is disabled to block the AR on SOTF fault, change to ABB REL670
– What type of relay is this one?
– P443 Micom
– does anybody here has a p14d Modbus register
– who knows the ZIV default password
– Any ZIV relays specialist
– Hello all, does anyone has a GRL 200 Toshiba Line Current Diff Manual Book?
– Four corner numbers 7931

Join 20 WhatsApp groups for protection engineers

20 WhatsApp Groups for protection engineers

  • WhatsApp Grp 01: Protection Relay – General
  • WhatsApp Grp 02: Substation Automation – General
  • WhatsApp Grp 03: Transmission line protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 04: Transformer protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 05: Motor protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 06: Generator protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 07: Overcurrent and Earth Fault Protection
  • WhatsApp Grp 08: Busbar protection and Bay controller
  • WhatsApp Grp 09: Breaker protection and control
  • WhatsApp Grp 10: Protection Relay Testing and commissioning
  • WhatsApp Grp 11: DIgSILENT
  • WhatsApp Grp 12: ETAP
  • WhatsApp Grp 13: PSCAD
  • WhatsApp Grp 14: IEC 61850 configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 15: Switchgear GIS & AIS
  • WhatsApp Grp 16: GE Relay Configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 17: SIEMENS Relay configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 18: Schnider Relay configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 19: SEL Relay Configuration
  • WhatsApp Grp 20: ABB Relion configuration or more services

send a message to our WhatsApp support number, (Click)

Sample discussion:

– I have a Zivercom relay for the Tap changer. everything looks fine but it’s not Tapping who can assist tanks
– is anyone familiar with Siemens Siprotec 4 7SD Line Current Differential Relay? For example, if one end of the relay is selected in Commissioning mode(test mode), will the remote end relay differential protection be in commissioning mode or test mode also?
– Commissioning mode at one line end will not turn on commissioning mode automatically to another side. Plus commission mode is completely different from the test differential mode.
– Can you explain a bit more about the test differential mode?
Does turning the test differential mode at one end also activate the remote end’s test differential mode?
– Anyone REM620 relay this message what problem
– Anyone has the actual standard IEEE 485 or an excel sheet? I need to size the substation battery charger, please!
– IEEE 485-2020?

– Does anyone know what these signals are used for?
– Apparently, they are permissive to Switches
– the arrangement of the substation is as follows
– Have anyone tested Cap bank differential protection in Siprotec 5 7SJ85 relay?

– constantly get this error while writing to the IED
– delete the HMI page first
– do the license update tool
– Does anyone have software for this relay micom2.1?
– I have found Micom software if anyone can give Ziv software as well plz
Our substation incomer feeder is tripping downstream and upstream without any fault when switching on outgoing feeders.
– Please suggest any ideas to solve the above-mentioned issues
– What fault was recorded by the relay?
– There is no fault on the relay but upstream and downstream are tripping when switching on any outgoing feeders.

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– Any circular regarding the fair service life of various testing equipment in the power sector.
– Hi, has anyone ever replaced these manual annunciator window tiles with a 3rd party tiles? or other alternatives?
– We are facing this kind of rebooting issue with the AREVA Micom P742 peripheral Unit for busbar protection. Does anyone have any idea regarding this issue? How to overcome this?

Protection Relay Discussion Group in Telegram:

– Can we use a 10 ac drive on a 15 hp motor?
– 12.5 hp drive on 15 hp motor
– Hi, do you guys ground the shield of control cables at both ends or only a single end?
– Single-end
– How about for CT VT Cable?

– May I know if would there be an issue if we use a CT with a high Burden (15VA for example) for a protection relay (microprocessor type). For the old mechanical type, I understand that the CT needs a higher burden to drive the armature
– when I turn on the generator in this panel my generator has an unstable frequency but when I operate it manually the frequency stabilizes. what may be the cause of this?
– Is your gen-set in synch with other gen?
– no sir.
What is voltage?
– plz check the gain & another setting for your operator panel
– 460v
– there is no problem with the engine & gen-set itself it is the only problem with the operator panel feedback signal which will be generated as per setting
– Cause freq regulation is in the generator itself not in Woodward
– we try to bleed fuel on the generator. but nothing happened
– I thought Woodward only does parallel synchronization and some protection functions but is only using small loads that’s why we don’t sync our generators.
– I looked at the manual for easygen. There is a function of frequency control. I have the same system
– But never got time to check every function in Woodward.
– I do check some functions but the configuration has a password. the management told me that the supplier has the access to its unit.

– does anyone knows about arc resistance and tower footing resistance value for the 765KV transmission line?

– I need to disable goose controls in the REF 615 ABB relay. Is it possible from HMI?
– who can assist me with an IED scout that’s licensed REG630 how to test method DOPPDPR function Power Angle setting anyone to have a formula
– Could anyone be having transformer test guides preferably based on megger make test equipment?
– Paci’s configurator from Schneider, can anybody have this software if yes kindly send me the link, it’s urgent please help me
– Somebody has REX640 TERMINAL DIAGRAM?
– Does anyone know how to choose a zero-sequence transformer?
– In the VAMP300 relay display LED continues to glow without assigning, without mapping with DI points. what is the issue please kindly suggest!

– Need help in ABB RVC APFC Relay programming.
– If anyone has a license for REB500. Can help me, please?
– ABB normally does not release that license that allows you to configure
31etap 12:00 – abb pcm600: The user license there isn’t much you can do with it.

– Kindly someone tells me that in C264 Relay, how to change synchro-check parameters and find the passwords?
– Connect to Cat tool to these devices n check network parameters. Trying to read the setting but the reading takes a few hours. Are there any solutions?
– I assume some delays in the network..try connecting them one-to-one if possible.
– Try to reboot the relay
– what could be the problem if Generator Shuts Down on High or Over Frequency, Over Frequency Runaway
– If you are connected to the grid Burn the rotor due to induced currents. If you are in islanders mode: damage the connected equipment.

– is it ok to run a generator that varies 59.9-60.1 frequency?
– Trying to read ABB RET 670, but the messages show up like this
– Any insights into this problem
– Does anyone knows how to add delay time in VT Fail ABB RED 670
– Not very sure but An inconsistent state means the current values in PCM are not reflecting the IED values. If a reader does not resolve this try to see if there is a new version of PCM.
– 132kV transformer HV breaker was closed on NO load and the LV breaker was open, but suddenly differential relay operates and gives a differential trip. In the fault study, the HV side current was 860 Amp. Somebody tell me what could be the reason?
– For how much time the transformer was on no load? 132/11.5kV?
-Approximately 10 to 15 minutes
– MVA?
-132/22 kV (wind power plant)
– There must b some issue,
– So this is not inrush
– Do TTR and winding resistance,
– If it is the newly commissioned plant then the issue will be in the relay setting otherwise check transformer winding. do the IR.
– I did an excitation test @ 10 kV and the results were OK.
– Plant is in operation for the last 4 years. You will have to do TTR and winding resistance to diagnose the matter, Hope you will get the problem by doing these tests,

– Any mechanical protection PRD, BUCH has operated. Did u retrieve the fault records from the relay?
– TTR?
– turns ratio test
– No trip from mechanical protection.
– In the fault record HV current was 860Amp and LV current was 0 amp.
– Check the CT ratio adopted in the differential relay and what was the differential current setting adopted and actual current during the relay operation?
– Transformer turns ratio

– In 3 phase
– Did you check the lighting arrester AT 132 KV SIDE?
– Yes surge arrestor can also be damaged or weakened, as you are using Yard CT for Differential protection
– do also check your HV arrestors

– Can anyone help me with the PACiS configurator?
– Physically that was OK, for counter I will check
– Do hipot test of arrestors, which might be differential tripped because of arrestors, If u have a secondary injection kit like Omron or Freja plz do the secondary injection to know that there is no problem from the relay side.
– can I ask why my plc doesn’t read flow?
– Check that the analog signal is reaching from your flow meter to plc?
– Check 4 to 20 amp signal

– Hello guys, does anyone know how to avoid distance trips when VT Fail occurred on 3 phases in REL 670?
– Anyone has any material for Artificial intelligence application in Protection?

– Pls help me how to install PCM 2.10
– Strongly recommend installing on virtual machines
– After 3~4 different versions, they always conflict and give errors.
– I run different virtual machines on the ESXi hypervisor.

– I need help analyzing this Disturbance Fault Record whether it is due to Lighting or Flash.
– It was a fault on Line Diff and Reclose on Phase R.
– Plz tell me, what is relay coordination and what its functions are.
– Line auto-reclosed successfully?

– We have 50/1 5p15 CT installed on a 33 kv feeder whose fault current initially was very less but now the Power supplier has installed a 50MVA transformer with 11% impedance
29etap08:55 – abb pcm600: And fault current is almost 8000Amps, I believe I need to upgrade protection CT to meet the high fault current
– Can anyone suggest What’s the 33kv fault level?
– Now it is 8000 amps. Fault current level 50 MVA transformer installed at state electricity board substation and we are consumers with 33 kv feeder voltage
– 50MVA 220/33 KV star/ star connected transformer 11% impedance
– Is the ct used only for over current and earth fault?
– Yes 50,51, 50G, 51G
– Strictly speaking, I would put 200/1 5P40 2.5 VA. However, if the relays have CT saturation detection, you could go lower.
– What’s the relay being used?
– P127
– Do you have the CT test results? In particular the DC resistance of the CT.
-Can you give your consideration or calculations for this selection
– So you need an accuracy limit factor of 40, with a low burden.

– you won’t need much burden as the relay is numerical and installed inside the switchgear
– Your existing 50/1, 15 VA may actually work if you knew the DC resistance.
– Do I have to check with the CT testing kit??
– I believe CT supplier should have this information
– Yeah if you have test equipment (Omicron CR analyzer or similar) that should be easily possible
– That’s possible, however normally the manufacturer will not specify the DC resistance for 5P/10P class acts. No harm in asking them though
– CT’s Analyser
– Ok I will check with him today, as I don’t have an omicron kit available nearby That is the only option I have

– How do you coordinate DC resistance with fault current?
– So if Rct<= 1.75 ohm, you can use it For a 50/1 A ct this may be achievable.
need to Replace 33 kv side CT with, 1000/1A, 5P10,15 VA With this approach, I’d reckoned to check the pickup values.

– Ynynd1 And tertiary (delta winding) are unloaded?
– Then no issue transformer will follow the system phase sequence,

– What is the difference between IN-HV Deriv Angle and IN-HV Measd Angle on monitoring online?
– Derived means the neutral current has been calculated by summation of IA, IB, and IC whereas measured means the neutral wire of ct secondary is connected to the neutral element of the relay, and it is being measured,
– What is a dead zone in protection??
– Dead zone is the Zone between CT & Open CB. It’s the point not seen in the zone of protection that of a relay. If a fault occurs at this point, the relay will not issue a trip. Usually between CT and breaker
– IN HV derive is neutral vector calculation, meanwhile In HV measured is a neutral REF winding
– We cannot say it is neutral ref winding until we see the setting of the relay,
– the setting of the wiring diagram is right. The relay and schematic drawing setting depict the connection of the ct secondary wires with the differential relay.

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{.pdf}AGILE DIGITAL SUBSTATIONS The complete guide.
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{.pdf}Application Considerations of IEC 61850/UCA 2 for Substation Ethernet Local Area Network Communication for Protection and Control.
{.pdf}Applications of IEC 61850 Standard to Protection Schemes.
{.pdf}Applications of Phasor Measurement Units.
{.pdf}Applications of PMU measurements in the Belgian electrical grid.
{.pdf}The Application-View Model of the International Standard IEC 61850.
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{.pdf}Automation at Protection Speeds: IEC 61850 GOOSE Messaging as a Reliable, High-Speed Alternative to Serial Communications.
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{.pdf}Challenges and Lessons Learned from Commissioning an IEC 61850-90-5 Based Synchrophasor System.
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⦁ Communication in Power application.

⦁ Communication Protocols and Networks for Power Systems- Current Status and Future Trends.

⦁ Communications network solutions for smart grids.

⦁ The concept of IEC 61850.

⦁ CT Standard.

⦁ D2-01_07_Meeting requirements in an IEC 61850 station bus SAS.

⦁ Data transport network.

⦁ Dealing with Packet Delay Variation in IEEE 1588 Synchronization Using a Sample-Mode Filter.

⦁ Design and Implementation of Packet Analyzer for IEC 61850 Communication Networks in Smart Grid.

⦁ Design and Performance Testing of a Multivendor IEC61850–9-2 Process Bus Based Protection Scheme.

⦁ Design, Development, and Commissioning of a Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) Laboratory for Research and Training.


⦁ Developing Real-Time PMU Applications for Smart Transmission Grids.

⦁ Development of IEC61850 Based Substation Engineering Tools with IEC61850 Schema Library.

⦁ Differential Protection RET 54_/Diff6T function Application and Setting Guide.

⦁ Digital umspannwerk.

⦁ Digitalization in Transmission and Distribution.

⦁ Direct Evaluation of IEC 61850-9-2 Process Bus Network Performance.

⦁ Distributed busbar protection REB500 including line and transformer protection Product Guide.

⦁ Distributed Multifunction Fault Recorder.

⦁ A Distributed PMU for Electrical Substations With Wireless Redundant Process Bus.

⦁ Duplicate and Circulating Frames Discard Methods for PRP and HSR (IEC62439-3).

⦁ Dynamic Testing of an IEC 61850 Based 110 kV Smart Substation Solution.

⦁ EC 61850 for Substations.

⦁ ECT Evaluation by an Error Measurement System According to IEC 60044-8 and 61850-9-2.

⦁ Efficient Energy Automation with the IEC 61850 Standard Application Examples Energy Automation.

⦁ Emerging Applications of Synchronous Ethernet in Telecommunication Networks.

⦁ Enabling digital substations.

⦁ Energy Management of Internet Data Centers in Smart Grid.

⦁ Engineering Perspective

on IEC 61850. ⦁ Enhanced Engineering process SCL example. ⦁ Enhanced Engineering process SCL Files. ⦁ ERL 61850 IED Configurator. ⦁ ERL 61850 IED Configurator. ⦁ Ethernet & IEC 61850 Concepts, Implementation, Commissioning. ⦁ Ethernet in SAS. ⦁ Ethernet in SAS. ⦁ Ethernet in Substation Automation Applications – Issues and Requirements. ⦁ Ethernet Module EN100 for IEC 61850 with electrical/optical 100 MBit Interface Application Examples. ⦁ Ethernet Networks Redundancy With Focus On IEC 61850 Applications. ⦁ ETHERNET NETWORKS REDUNDANCY WITH FOCUS ON IEC 61850 APPLICATIONS. ⦁ Ethernet-Based Public Communication Services: Challenge and Opportunity. ⦁ Evaluation of IEC 61850-9-2 Samples Loss on Total Vector Error of an Estimated Phasor. ⦁ The Evaluation of Phasor Measurement Units and Their Dynamic Behavior Analysis. ⦁ Evaluation of Time Gateways for Synchronization of Substation Automation Systems. ⦁ Executive Summary (Introduction to MMS. ⦁ Feeder Protection and Control REF615 Application Manual. ⦁ Focus on the application – IEC 61850 experience with the third-party system configuration tool. ⦁ Generic IEC61850 IED Connectivity Package User‘s Guide. ⦁ Get on the digital bus to SA. ⦁ GOOSE AIR. ⦁ GOOSE Configuration Example. ⦁ Goose messages for automated testing: 765 kV transmission network. ⦁ Goose Messaging Determining its potential in a real case. ⦁ GOOSE IEC 61850 Test System. ⦁ GPS and IEEE 1588 synchronization for the measurement of synchrophasors in electric power systems. ⦁ Grid Automation REC615 and RER615 IEC 61850 Engineering Guide. ⦁ HardFiber. ⦁ Hidden Challenges in the Implementation of 61850 in Larger Substation Automation Projects. ⦁ IEC60076. ⦁ iec61850-8-1{ed1.0}en-2004. ⦁ IEC61850 Based Process Bus Protection Solution for Remote Located Power Transformers. ⦁ IEC61850 Modeling for Switch Management. ⦁ IEC 60870-5-101/104 Slave Technical. ⦁ IEC 60870-5-103 Communication Protocol Manual. ⦁ IEC 61400-25-2. ⦁ IEC 61850-3 and IEEE 1588. ⦁ IEC 61850-7-420 IEC 61850 Part 7-420 DER Logical Nodes. ⦁ IEC 61850-9-2 Based Process Bus. ⦁ IEC 61850-9-2 Process Bus and Its Impact on Power System Protection and Control Reliability. ⦁ IEC 61850-9-2 Process Bus Communication Interface for Light Weight Merging Unit Testing Environment. ⦁ IEC 61850 – Communication networks and systems in substations. ⦁ IEC 61850 – More Than Just GOOSE: A Case Study of Modernizing Substations in Namibia. ⦁ IEC 61850  Process Bus – It is Real!. ⦁ IEC 61850: COMMUNICATION NETWORKS AND SYSTEMS IN SUBSTATIONS. ⦁ IEC 61850 and Measurements. ⦁ IEC 61850 -Communication Networks and Systems in Substations:

An Overview of Computer Science.

⦁ IEC 61850 driver FAQ.

⦁ IEC 61850 Enabled Automatic Bus Transfer Scheme for Primary Distribution Substations.

⦁ IEC 61850 General.

⦁ IEC 61850 GOOSE and IEEE C37.118 Synchrophasors Used for Wide-Area Monitoring and Control, SPS, RAS, and Load and Generation Management.

⦁ IEC 61850 Goose applications to distribution protection schemes.

⦁ IEC 61850 Goose applications to distribution protection schemes.

⦁ IEC 61850 MMS Client Driver Help.

⦁ IEC 61850 Model Expansion Toward Distributed Fault Localization, Isolation, and Supply Restoration.

⦁ IEC 61850 Process Bus – It is Real!.


⦁ IEC 61850 Protocol API User Manual.

⦁ IEC 61850 Qualifications.

⦁ IEC 61850 standard for SA.

⦁ The IEC 61850 standard for SA.

⦁ IEC 61850 standard for SA.

⦁ IEC 61850 Substation Configuration Language and Its Impact on the Engineering of Distribution Substation Systems.

⦁ IEC 61850 System Configurator.

⦁ IEC 61850 System Configurator.

⦁ IEC 61850 Technical Overview.

⦁ IEC 61850/61400 Model Designer.

⦁ IEC 61850: Role of Conformance Testing in Successful Integration.


⦁ IEC 61850-Based Feeder Terminal Unit Modeling and Mapping to IEC 60870-5-104.

⦁ IEC 61850-Based Information Model and Configuration Description of Communication Network in Substation Automation.

⦁ IEC 62357: TC57 Architecture Part 1: Reference Architecture for Power System Information Exchange.

⦁ IEC 62439 PRP: Bumpless Recovery for Highly Available, Hard Real-Time Industrial Networks.

⦁ IEC Smart Grid Standardization Roadmap.

⦁ IED Configuration Guidelines.

⦁ IEEE-1588 Standard for a Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems.

⦁ IEEE 802.1AS and IEEE 1588.

⦁ IEEE 802.3ba 40 and100 Gigabit Ethernet Architecture.

⦁ IEEE 1547.2 IEEE Application Guide for IEEE Std 1547™, IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems.

⦁ IEEE 1547.3 IEEE Guide for Monitoring, Information Exchange, and Control of Distributed Resources Interconnected with Electric Power Systems.

⦁ IEEE 1547.4 IEEE Guide for Design, Operation, and Integration of Distributed Resource Island Systems with Electric Power Systems.

⦁ IEEE 1547.6 IEEE Recommended Practice for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems Distribution Secondary Networks.

⦁ IEEE 1588.

⦁ IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol Time Synchronization Performance.

⦁ IEEE 1588 Precision Time Synchronization Solution for Electric Utilities.

⦁ IEEE 1588 Version 2.

⦁ IEEE 1615 IEEE Recommended Practice for Network Communication in Electric Power Substations.

⦁ IEEE Application Guide for IEEE Std 1547™, IEEE Standard for Interconnecting Distributed Resources with Electric Power Systems.”

{.pdf}IEEE c37.118.1 IEEE Standard for Synchrophasor Measurements for Power Systems.
{.pdf}IEEE c37.118.2 2011 IEEE Standard for Synchrophasor Data Transfer for Power Systems.
{.pdf}IEEE Recommended Practice for Network Communication in Electric Power Substations.
{.pdf}IEEE Standard for a Precision Clock Synchronization Protocol for Networked Measurement and Control Systems.
{.pdf}IEEE Standard for Electric Power Systems Communications— Distributed Network Protocol (DNP3).
{.pdf}IEEE Standard for Ethernet.
{.pdf}IEEE Standard for Ethernet.
{.pdf}IEEE Standard for Ethernet Amendment 1: Physical Layer Specifications and Management Parameters for Extended Ethernet Passive Optical Networks.
{.pdf}IEEE Standard for Information technology— Telecommunications and information exchange between systems Local and metropolitan area networks— Specific requirements Part 17: Resilient packet ring (RPR) access method and physical layer specifications.
{.pdf}IEEE Standard for Service Interoperability in Ethernet Passive Optical Networks (SIEPON).
{.pdf}IEEE Standard for Synchrophasor Data Transfer for Power Systems.
{.pdf}IEEE Standard for Synchrophasor Measurements for Power Systems.
{.pdf}IEEE Standard Profile for Use of IEEE 1588™ Precision Time Protocol in Power System Applications.
{.pdf}IEEE Std 802.1.
{.pdf}Impact of IEC 61850-9-2 Standard-Based Process Bus on the Operating Performance of Protection IEDS: Comparative Study.
{.pdf}An Implementation of FTTH based Home Gateway Supporting Various Services.
{.pdf}Implementing New Generation Protective Relay Schemes based on IEC61850 Standard for Substation Communication in the Eskom 765kV Transmission Network.
{.pdf}Implementing Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Technology With IEC 61850-7-420.
{.pdf}Industrial & Plant Communication.
{.pdf}Industrial automation systems Manufacturing Message Specification.
{.pdf}Industrial Communication.
{.pdf}Installation and commissioning manual Line distance protection IED REL 670.
{.pdf}The Integrated Energy and Communication Systems Architecture.
{.pdf}Integration of a New Standard.
{.pdf}Integration of IEC 61850 GSE and Sampled Value Services to Reduce Substation Wiring.
{.pdf}Integration of IEC 61850 GSE and Sampled Value Services to Reduce Substation Wiring.
{.pdf}Interoperability and Performance Analysis of IEC61850 Based Substation Protection System.
{.pdf}Interoperability Requirements for IEC 61850 System Configuration Tools.
{.pdf}Introduction and Overview of IEC 61850 Configuration and Diagnostics.
{.pdf}IP and Ethernet Communication Technologies and Topologies for IED networks.
{.pdf}Issues and Approaches on Extending Ethernet Beyond LANs.
{.pdf}Kalki SCL Manager.
{.pdf}Laboratory Investigation of IEC 61850-9-2-Based Busbar and Distance Relaying With Corrective Measure for Sampled Value Loss/Delay.
{.pdf}Large Scale Grid Integration of Renewable Energy Sources – Way Forward.
{.pdf}Leading the way to Digital Substations.
{.pdf}Lecture 5a Substation Automation Systems.
{.pdf}Logical nodes.
{.pdf}Magnum 6KL Managed Edge Switch.
{.pdf}Memory Requirements Analysis for PRP and HSR Hardware Implementations on FPGAs.
{.pdf}MiCOM Px4x-92LE Technical Manual IEC 61850-9-2LE Interface.
{.pdf}MiCOM Px4x-92LE Technical Manual IEC 61850-9-2LE Interface.
{.pdf}Model Implementation Conformance Statement (MICS) for IEC 61850 for the SEL Real-Time Automation Controllers.
{.pdf}Model Implementation Conformance Statement for the IEC 61850 interface in SEL-351A.
{.pdf}Model Implementation Conformance Statement for the IEC 61850 interface in SEL-351S.
{.pdf}Model Implementation Conformance Statement for the IEC 61850 interface in SEL-2411.
{.pdf}Model Implementation Conformance Statement for the IEC 61850 interface in SEL-2440.
{.pdf}Modeling and (Co-)simulation of power systems, controls, and components for analyzing complex energy systems.
{.pdf}Modeling and Simulation for Performance Evaluation of IEC61850-Based Substation Communication Systems.
{.pdf}The move to IEC61850  what and when will it be delivered?.
{.pdf}MU320 Merging Unit.
{.pdf}MU Agile AMU Technical Manual Analogue Merging Unit.
{.pdf}Network Interactions and Performance of a Multifunction IEC 61850 Process Bus.
{.pdf}A network scheme for process bus in smart substations without using external synchronization.
{.pdf}A New IED With PMU Functionalities For Electrical Substations.
{.pdf}Next-generation substations.
{.pdf}Non-conventional instrument transformers Advanced GIS substations with IEC 61850-9-2 LE process bus.
{.pdf}A Novel Communication Network for Three-Level Wide Area Protection System.
{.pdf}Object Modeling of Data and DataSets in the International Standard IEC 61850.
{.pdf}Offprint of an article published in PAC World, Fall 2008 Standard IEC 61850 – Network Redundancy using IEC 62439.
{.pdf}On the Use of IEEE 1588 in Existing IEC 61850-Based SASs: Current Behavior and Future Challenges.
{.pdf}One-Way Delay and PTP (IEEE 1588v2) Test Applications.
{.pdf}Optimal Integration of Disparate C37.118 PMUs in Wide-Area PSS With Electromagnetic Transients.
{.pdf}Overview of IEC 61850.
{.pdf}Overview of IEC 61850.
{.pdf}Packet Tracer Network Simulator.
{.pdf}The Parallel Redundancy Protocol for Industrial IP Networks.
{.pdf}Performance Analysis of IEC 61850 Sampled Value Process Bus Networks.
{.pdf}Performance assessment of an IEC 61850-9-2 based protection scheme for the mesh corner of a 400kV transmission substation.
{.pdf}Performance Evaluation of Time-critical Communication Networks for Smart Grids based on IEC 61850.
{.pdf}Performance of IEC 61850-9-2 Process Bus and Corrective Measure for Digital Relaying.
{.pdf}Phasor measurement based on IEC 61850-9-2 and Kalman–Filtering.
{.pdf}Plan Ahead for Substation Automation.
{.pdf}Plc-based SA and SCADA.
{.pdf}Plug-in rapid-wire integrated.
{.pdf}A PMU for the Measurement of Synchronized Harmonic Phasors in Three-Phase Distribution Networks.
{.pdf}The PMU Interface using IEC 61850.
{.pdf}PMU Interoperability, Steady-State, and Dynamic Performance Tests.
{.pdf}PMU-based Voltage Instability Detection through Linear Regression.
{.pdf}Power network telecommunication PowerLink – power line carrier system.
{.pdf}Power network telecommunication PowerLink – technical data.
{.pdf}Power network telecommunication SWT 3000 Teleprotection.
{.pdf}The power of IEC 61850.
{.pdf}The power of IEC 61850.
{.pdf}Power Systems Communications.
{.pdf}a practical application primer for protection engineers.
{.pdf}Practical Applications of Ethernet in Substations and Industrial Facilities.
{.pdf}Practical Considerations for Ethernet Networking Within Substations.
{.pdf}Practical Experience with IEEE 1588 High Precision Time Synchronization in Electrical Substation based on IEC 61850 Process Bus.
{.pdf}Precision Clock Synchronization.
{.pdf}Precision Time Protocol.
{.pdf}Protection and Control System Upgrade Based on IEC- 61850 and PRP.
{.pdf}Protocol Implementation Conformance Statement (PICS) for IEC 61850 for the SEL Real-Time Automation Controllers.
{.pdf}PRP and HSR for High Availability Networks in Power Utility Automation: A Method for Redundant Frames Discarding.
{.pdf}PRP and HSR Version 1 (IEC 62439-3 Ed.2), Improvements, and a Prototype Implementation.
{.pdf}The Real-Time Publisher/Subscriber Communication Model for Distributed Substation Systems.
{.pdf}Reason RT411 Technical Manual Time Signal Distributor.
{.pdf}Redundancy in Substation LANs with the Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol (IEEE 802.1w).
{.pdf}Reliable data networks for electric power systems.
{.pdf}Requirements for Ethernet Networks in Substation Automation.
{.pdf}Resilience technologies in Ethernet.
{.pdf}SA Hand Book.
{.pdf}SAM600 process bus.
{.pdf}The SAM600 process bus IO system integrates conventional instrument transformers into modern, IEC 61850-9-2


⦁ process bus substation automation, protection, and control systems.

{.pdf}Sampled Values.
{.pdf}SAS Application pictures.
{.pdf}SCADA and IP.
{.pdf}SCADA Systems: Challenges for Forensic Investigators.
{.pdf}Seamless redundancy.
{.pdf}Selecting, Designing, and Installing Modern Data Networks in Electrical Substations.
{.pdf}Selection Guide / Ethernet Switches.
{.pdf}Sepam Ethernet Guide.
{.pdf}Sepam IEC 61850 communication.
{.pdf}SICAM A8000 Serie CP-8000 Master Modul mit I/O.
{.pdf}SICAM A8000 Series.
{.pdf}SICAM A8000 Series  Wherever energy flows Protection Technology / Substation Automation / Power Quality and Measurements.
{.pdf}SICAM A8000 Series CP-8000, CP-8021, CP-8022 User Manual.
{.pdf}SICAM A8000 Series Operation, telecontrol, and automation in the smallest spaces.
{.pdf}Simulation and testing of the over-current protection system based on IEC 61850 Process-Buses and dynamic estimator.
{.pdf}Simulation of Parallel Redundant WLAN with OPNET.
{.pdf}SINEAX CAM Parameterization of IEC61850 bus card.
{.pdf}SIPROTEC 4, SIPROTEC easy, SIPROTEC 600 Series, Communication, Accessories.
{.pdf}SIPROTEC 5 Communication protocol IEC 60870-5-103.
{.pdf}SIPROTEC 5 Communication Protocol IEC 60870-5-104.
{.pdf}SIPROTEC 5 Communication protocol IEC 61850.
{.pdf}SIPROTEC 5 Modbus.
{.pdf}SIPROTEC 5 Process Bus.
{.pdf}SIPROTEC 5Communication protocol DNP3.
{.pdf}SIPROTEC 7SC805.
{.pdf}SIPROTECMerging Unit 6MU805 V4.01 Manual.
{.pdf}smart grids.
{.pdf}The Smart Substatiion usiing IIEC 61850 Ediitiion 2.
{.pdf}Solutions for Digital Substation.
{.pdf}Stand Alone Merging Unit User Guide MGU010000.
{.pdf}A Study on GOOSE Communication based on lEC61850 using MMS Ease Lite.
{.pdf}Substation Automation Process Bus.
{.pdf}Substation Automation Systems.
{.pdf}A Survey of Communication Network Paradigms for Substation Automation.
{.pdf}A Survey of Ethernet LAN Security.
{.pdf}Switchgear Optimization Using IEC 61850-9-2 and Non-Conventional Measurements.
{.pdf}Synchronized Phasor Measurements and Their Applications.
{.pdf}Synchrophasor Standards Development – IEEE C37.118 & IEC 61850.
{.pdf}System 800xA IEC 61850 Connect Configuration.
{.pdf}System 800xA IEC 61850 Engineering Workflow.
{.pdf}System Engineer Configures IEC 61850 Gateway to DNP3 Substation.
{.pdf}System-Level Tests of Transformer Differential Protection Using an IEC 61850 Process Bus.
{.pdf}TCP/IP Protocol Suite.
{.pdf}Technical Requirements for DER Integration Architectures.
{.pdf}Teleprotection over an IP/MPLS Network.
{.pdf}Testing a SIPROTEC GOOSE bus protection scheme using an OMICRON CMC.
{.pdf}Time Signal Distributor.
{.pdf}Time Signal Distributor.
{.pdf}Time Synchronization (IEEE 1588) and Seamless Communication Redundancy (IEC 62439-3) Techniques for Smart Grid Substations.
{.pdf}Time Synchronized Low-Voltage Measurements for Smart Grids.
{.pdf}Towards Implementation of IEC 61850 GOOSE Messaging in Event-Driven IEC 61499 Environment.
{.pdf}Traffic Generation of IEC 61850 Sampled Values.
{.pdf}Transforming Critical Communications Networks for Substation Automation Communications network infrastructure requirements and architectures.
{.pdf}Two Improvements Related to Overcurrent Functions for Bus Protection in Distribution Systems.
{.pdf}Use of IEEE 1588–2008 for a Sampled Value Process Bus in Transmission Substations.
{.pdf}Use of Precision Time Protocol to Synchronize Sampled-Value Process Buses.
{.pdf}User Experiences Implementing IEC61850 in Intelligent Electronic Devices.
{.pdf}A user-friendly implementation of IEC 61850 in a new generation of protection and control devices.
{.pdf}Using OPNET to Model and Evaluate the MU Performance Based on IEC 61850-9-2LE.
{.pdf}Utilization of GOOSE in MV Substation.
{.pdf}Utilizing IEC 61850, Ethernet, and IP Standards for Integrated Substation Communications.
{.pdf}VAMP RELAYS IEC 61850 interface Configuration instructions.
{.pdf}The Virginia Tech Calibration System.
{.pdf}Virtual Power Plant for Grid Services using IEC 61850.
{.pdf}VSE 006 IEC 61850 interface module.
{.pdf}VSE 006 IEC 61850 interface module Configuration instructions.
{.pdf}A Web-Based Remote Access Laboratory Using SCADA.
{.pdf}What Is IEC 61850?.
{.pdf}What Protection Engineers Need to Know About Networking.
{.pdf}White Paper on Standards for DER Communications Using IEC 61850.
{.pdf}Wide area voltage protection.
{.pdf}Wide-Area Ethernet Network Configuration for System Protection Messaging.
{.pdf}Wide-Area Ethernet Network Configuration for System Protection Messaging.
{.pdf}Wide-Area Protection and Power System Utilization.
{.pdf}(2003). “Communication networks and systems in substations – Part 1: Introduction and overview.”
{.pdf}(2003). “Communication networks and systems in substations – Part 2: Glossary.”
{.pdf}(2003). “Communication networks and systems in substations – Part 3: General requirements.”
{.pdf}(2003). “Communication networks and systems in substations – Part 4: System and project management.”
{.pdf}(2003). “Communication networks and systems in substations – Part 5: Communication requirements for functions and device models.”
{.pdf}(2003). “COMMUNICATION NETWORKS AND SYSTEMS IN SUBSTATIONS Part 10: Conformance Testing.”
{.pdf}(2003). “IEEE Standard Test Method for Use in the Evaluation of Message Communications Between Intelligent Electronic Devices in an Integrated Substation Protection, Control, and Data Acquisition System.”
{.pdf}(2005). “Communication networks and systems in substations – Part 7-3: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment – Common data classes.”
{.pdf}(2005). “Communication networks and systems in substations – Part 7-4: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment – Compatible logical node classes and data classes.”
{.pdf}(2005). “Communication networks and systems in substations – Part 9-1: Specific Communication Service
{.pdf}Mapping (SCSM) – Sampled values over a serial unidirectional multidrop point to point link.”
{.pdf}(2007). “Communication networks and systems in substations – Part 7-1: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment – Principles and models.”
{.pdf}(2009). “Communication networks and systems for power utility automation – Part 7-420: Basic communication structure – Distributed energy resources logical nodes.”
{.pdf}(2010). “Communication networks and systems for power utility automation – Part 7-2: Basic information and communication structure – Abstract communication service interface (ACSI).”
{.pdf}(2010). “Communication networks and systems for power utility automation – Part 90-1: Use of IEC 61850 for the communication between substations.”
{.pdf}(2011). “Communication networks and systems for power utility automation – Part 8-1: Specific communication  service mapping (SCSM) – Mappings to MMS (ISO 9506-1 and ISO 9506-2) and ISO/IEC 8802-3.”
{.pdf}(2011). “Communication networks and systems for power utility automation – Part 9-2: Specific communication service mapping (SCSM) – Sampled values over ISO/IEC 8802-3.”
{.pdf}(2012). “Communication networks and systems for power utility automation – Part 6: Configuration description language for communication in electrical substations related to IEDs.”
{.pdf}(2012). “Communication networks and systems for power utility automation – Part 90-5: Use of IEC 61850 to transmit synchrophasor information according to IEEE C37.118.”
{.pdf}(2013). “Communication networks and systems for power utility automation – Part 90-7: Object models for power converters in distributed energy resources (DER) systems.”
{.pdf}(2013). “IEEE c37.242 IEEE Guide for Synchronization, Calibration, Testing, and Installation of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) for Power System Protection and Control.”
{.pdf}(2014). “IEEE Recommended Practice for Network Communication in Electric Power Substations.”
{.pdf}on an electric power substation, Internet protocol (IP) networks are provided. For the power
{.pdf}engineer new to IP networking, this document provides an introduction to the concepts that need
{.pdf}to be mastered as well as specific recommendations to follow when deploying the technologies.
{.pdf}For equipment manufacturers and system integrators, it provides direction and requirements to
{.pdf}facilitate interoperable electric utility information networks
{.pdf}Ali, I., and M. S. Thomas (2011). GOOSE-based protection scheme implementation &amp; testing in a laboratory. Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT), 2011 IEEE PES.
{.pdf}Almas, M. S., et al. (2014). Synchrophasor network, laboratory, and software applications developed in the STRONg<sup>2</sup>rid project. PES General Meeting | Conference & Exposition, 2014 IEEE.
{.pdf}Antonova, G., et al. (2011). Communication redundancy for substation automation. Protective Relay Engineers, 2011 64th Annual Conference for.
{.pdf}Apostolov, A., et al. (2006). A Distributed Recording System Based on IEC 61850 Process Bus. Power Systems Conference: Advanced Metering, Protection, Control, Communication, and Distributed Resources, 2006. PS ’06.
{.pdf}Apostolov, A. and B. Vandiver (2011). IEC 61850 GOOSE applications to distribution protection schemes. Protective Relay Engineers, 2011 64th Annual Conference for.
{.pdf}Astarloa, A., et al. (2013). System-on-Chip implementation of Reliable Ethernet Networks nodes. Industrial Electronics Society, IECON 2013 – 39th Annual Conference of the IEEE.
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